The Revolutionary War affected women by placing them in nontraditional roles. In his recent study The Way of the Fox: American Strategy in the War for America, 1775–1783, Dave Richard Palmer has traced this through several phases. J.R. Pole’s The Pursuit of Equality in America is a reminder of how formative equality has been to the American experience, especially to the revolutionary era. Secondly, reading through the works of Trenchard and Gordon reveals the extent to which equality was the fundamental issue interwoven into the various specific issues with which they dealt. Whether in an internal civil war or in a colonial war for independence, if one side is able to wage a “people’s war,” such a world view and organizational structure will have repercussions throughout the society. However, the role of the British government’s statist interventionism, which precipitated the social turmoil of the feudal revival, is inseparable from the extension of imperial policymaking, which led directly to the Revolution. A revolutionary person fearlessly advocates radical change. In their study of history the radical Whigs had concluded that the internal threat of a standing, professional, volunteer army far outweighed its potential utility against a foreign threat. And, “finally, the third kind of inquiry is theoretical; its purpose is to establish a theory of revolution capable of explaining causes, processes, and effects as a type of change.”3 But, as Perez Zagorin observes, it is the third theoretical study of revolutions which is most impoverished: [N]othing has appeared that qualifies as a general theory of revolution. However, it is peripheral to the essence of revolutionary warfare whether the regular soldiers of an occupying force can develop counterinsurgency techniques. Almost all of them had interests that they felt needed protection from an American majority.… Not many Loyalists were as explicit in their distrust of individualism as, say, Jonathan Boucher, but most of them shared his suspicion of a political order based on the ‘common good’ if the common good was to be defined by a numerical majority. Quite apart from the conservative bias, inertia overlooks the enormous educational effort required if that “tradition” is to be passed on from one generation to another. (4) What was the nature of the society which emerged in the struggle of war and revolution? The Americans responded by calling a Continental Congress. The first group, representing the mechanics and artisans of the burgeoning colonial urban centers, resented being cut off from full participation in the political system and its expanding social differentiation. With respect to both of Bailyn’s points, J.G.A. Markets for one product are cannibalised by new ones. Finally, a “world view” is an even more detailed theoretical analysis developed only by a few, usually among the wider leadership. A powerful internal factor encountered on a surprisingly frequent basis is the dysfunctional management team. As we shall see, it was this vast turnover and appearance of “new” men which sociologically explains the movement culminating in the adoption of the Constitution. In fact, it seems that his name already continue reading : Jose Rizal and the Revolution Equality in Human Action and Social Change. In touching on the growing inequalities in prerevolutionary American society, Berthoff and Murrin observe that “the image of a golden age of republican equality, of a society of yeoman freeholders (abstracted from their place among the various interrelated classes of English social tradition and colonial reality), had its greatest appeal at a time when there was solid reason to feel things were going too far the other way.”. Robert Nisbet in Social Change and History traces the effort to understand and explain social change back to the pre‐​Socratic Greeks (in the West at least). The L.E.A.N. Revolutions, whether in science or society as a whole, are preceded by what could be called “a crisis in legitimacy.” Authority must ultimately rest on a belief, held by virtually the entire society, that the social order is legitimate, that it corresponds with the way things “ought” to be in a just and equitable society. Consultants’ tools and models are just tools and models, the means to an end, not the end themselves. Whether the dysfunction comes from inability to change, incompetence, inability to build relationships, or inability to communicate, the place to start is usually a clean out of the management team. JOSE RIZAL AND THE REVOLUTION Revisiting Renato Constantino’s “Veneration without Understanding” By Chris Antonette Piedad-Pugay When we open the pages of history books in the Philippines, it is not surprising to see texts about the martyrdom of our most celebrated hero– Dr. Jose Rizal. But the most unifying action of all was the Stamp Act of 1765. Both empire and egalitarianism, of course, were the twin nemeses of republicanism; but there seemed no easy way to halt both. Pseudofeudal Inequalities and Social Unrest. Competitors are seen as a spur to innovation. In 1721, for example, in Cato’s Letters number 45, “Of the Equality and Inequality of Men,” Trenchard and Gordon had noted, “It is evident to common Sense, that there ought to be no Inequality in Society,…” Paine raised the same equalitarian concern in the quotation he chose for the cover of his own pamphlet: “Man knows no Master save creaking Heaven, Or those whom choice and common good ordain.”, Paine opened “Common Sense” by distinguishing between “society,” which “in every state is a blessing,” and “government,” which, “even in its best state, is but a necessary evil.” Because of “the inability of moral virtue to govern the world,” government, whose purpose was “security,” was necessary. (3) How did the American revolutionary coalition win its conflict with the leading imperial power? Operationally, men seek solutions to social problems within this legitimate world view. In Pocock’s analysis, seventeenth‐​century England underwent many of the changes the Italian city states had experienced a century before, complicated by the Protestant Reformation. George Washington had to devise a strategy to counter that of the British. Our tendency to conceptualize reality in terms of a model, or paradigm, is closely related to the older tradition in the study of the sociology of knowledge which used the term Weltanschauung, or world view, to describe that idea. In the American case this is exemplified in the Constitution replacing the Articles of Confederation. For our purposes, a useful, straightforward definition is that of Lyford P. Edwards in The Natural History of Revolution: “A change brought about not necessarily by force and violence, whereby one system of legality is terminated and another originated.”, Why? Later and modern revolutionary thought. 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