Range & Habitat: The native Swamp Milkweed is a fairly common plant that occurs in nearly all counties of Illinois (see Distribution Map). What is swamp milkweed? (See more on that below.) All parts considered edible must be cooked. Swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) You might think that your wet landscaping isn't the right habitat for prairie plants like milkweed, but you're in luck --- swamp milkweed loves wet fields, marshy land and shoreline. Swamp milkweed prefers moisture retentive through damp soils in full sun or partial shade and is typically found growing wild near the edges of ponds, lakes, streams, and low areas—or along ditches. Fruits: Long, narrow and smooth follicles, changing colour from green to brownish. Roots of swamp milkweed were used in the treatment of various ailments. Common milkweed plants grow to about 2 to 4 feet in height, with a thin, vertical growth habit. (90 to 150 cm – 3 to 5 feet) Swamp Milkweed’s flat cluster of flowers are a deep pink and often two toned from the petals to the hoods. Also called Swamp Milkweed, this milkweed actually grows well in both moderately moist and wet soils. Swamp milkweed is the only milkweed (Asclepias) in New England that is primarily found in swamps and wet areas. The couple is working on making their yard a Certified Backyard Habitat, a program offered by the Audubon Society of Western Pennsylvania. Bees love it, too. Butterflies love it, and not just the Monarchs. I like this assortment of 6 … Media Marketing/Shutterstock A monarch butterfly lands on a swamp milkweed plant. Asclepias incarnata, (Swamp Milkweed). I took out a horrible Norway maple, a worthless tree, and planted a birch grove. Bumblebees fly furiously from flower to flower, finding the aromatic and beautiful native bee balm blooms as honeybees feast on swamp milkweed in the Gibsonia garden of David and Laurie Jones. The emerging caterpillars feed on the leaves. Milkweed herbivore: Swamp milkweed beetle. It can be found in both high quality and degraded habitats. Swamp Milkweed Facts. Habitats include floodplain and bottomland woodlands, swamps (including Bald Cypress swamps), borders of ponds and streams in shady areas, and ditches. Habitat Swamp milkweed habitats include open to partially shaded areas in swamps, thickets, moist black soil prairies, low areas along rivers and ponds, fens, marshes, and drainage ditches. It typically grows 3-4′ tall (less frequently to 5′) on branching stems. rose milkweed. Seeds require cold moist stratification. HABITAT & HARDINESS: According to the USDA, Asclepias incarnata occurs in Eastern Canada and in every state in the United States except Arizona, Mississippi and states with a Pacific coastline. They point out that the most pressing threat to monarchs is extreme habitat loss. Swamp milkweed is an erect, clump-forming, native plant which is commonly found in swamps, river bottomlands and wet meadows. Swamp milkweed plants can be distinguished from their other milkweed cousins both by these showy pink flowers and by their habitat, as they are the only species of milkweed that prefer to grow in wet conditions. I also have woodland gardens; not just prairie. Habitats include open to partially shaded areas in floodplain forests, swamps, thickets, moist black soil prairies, low areas along rivers and ponds, seeps and fens, marshes, and drainage ditches. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and When the caterpillars hatch, they feed on the leaves of milkweed. The flowers are very showy and good for attracting butterflies. Swamp milkweed grows anywhere from 30 to 150 cm (12 to 60”) high. Eradication of milkweed is a threat to the monarch butterfly. How do they survive the “not-so-camouflaged” part? As a tall herbaceous moisture-loving perennial, Swamp milkweed seeks sunny openings of swamps, marshes, bogs, fens, and open areas along stream banks and ditches. The name Asclepias is for the Ancient Greek God of medicine Asklepios; Native Americans used this and other types of milkweed as medicine for a variety of ailments; This milkweed is a ‘clay-buster’, as it can grow really well in heavy wet clay soil; This is a larval hose for Monarch Butterflies; Scientific Name It grows easily in a home garden with average to moist soil—it is nearly exploding in my own back yard in heavy clay soil. Swamp milkweed is one of the notable plants to be seen in the wet bottomland prairie habitat at Ripgut Prairie NA in Bates County. It is one of the best attractors of the monarch butterfly, which feeds on the flowers and lays her eggs on the plants. Why Grow Milkweed Plants? The Georgia Plant Conservation Alliance asks that you not buy, collect or plant this milkweed. Umbels: Red or purplish-pink. 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