Plumeria obtusa, the Singapore graveyard flower,[3] is a species of the genus Plumeria (Apocynaceae). In filtered sun it will get enough sun to bloom but will not be over exposed. A fast-growing tropical shrub and tree, the plumeria combines awesome blooms with strong fragrance to transform your garden in the summer. For areas north of USDA Zone 10, it must be grown in containers which are overwintered indoors. Plumeria obtusa generally has white flowers and a powerful scent, with round, shiny leaves. The leaves from a Plumeria Rubra are long and oval and have quite a pointed end. Although its common name is \"Singapore\", it is originally from Colombia. The rounded distal ends of the leaves distinguish this species from the more widely grown P. rubra. For more information see: Problems Common to Many Indoor Plants. Fruits are cylindrical seed pods (to 3-5" long) which are rarely formed in cultivation.Genus name honors Charles Plumier (1646-1704), French monk of the Franciscan order, botanist and traveller.Specific epithet means leaves with blunt tips.Common name of frangipani is from the name of a 16th century Italian nobleman who created a perfume with a similar scent. Leaves and flowers of P. obtusa differ from those of P. rubra. Plumeria Obtusa. We can either arrange for trees to be delivered to you wherever you are or deliver and install. "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Plumeria obtusa in Flora of China @ efloras.org", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plumeria_obtusa&oldid=991464846, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 05:13. - This is the large flowered white champa - that we all know so well. Plumeria Obtusa is a mainly evergreen tree (deciduous in dry seasons) with spreading branches and a rounded dome. Common names include frangipani, melia, temple tree and the various cultivars. Plumeria obtusa “Frangipani or The Temple Tree” is a large, deciduous shrub or small, spreading tree with robust, sparsely branched, very thick stems. Much more fragrant that other plumeria varieties. Most are highly fragrant. According to Phoenix Tropicals, "Rubra plumerias are more hardy and heat tolerant than obtusa (varieties) and are therefore a better fit for outdoors in Phoenix with its temperature extremes." This deciduous tropical shrub or small tree is slow-growing with upright growth, and likes full sun to partial shade. [6][7], Plumeria obtusa was described as a new species in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus. Its flowers are white with yellow throats and each has five petals. Flowers come only in white with a little yellow center. Aside from obtusa and rubra, there are a handful of hybrids that you can find. Description Plumeria typically grows as a small tree that reaches a height of about 30 feet and achieves a similar canopy width, though size and compactness varies by cultivar. Plumeria trees are tropical and therefore must have conditions at least approximating tropical/subtropical in order to flourish. Blooming from spring to fall, the blossoms are borne in … The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Tropical specimen for frost free areas. [8] Its specific epithet "obtusa" means "blunt", in reference to its blunt-tipped leaves. Bloom Description: White with yellow throats. Plumeria flower sap can be taken by breaking the base of the leaves or pruning the plumeria tree trunk. Ethnobotanical Uses Height to 24′ and spread to 12′. The common name "Frangipani" comes from Marquis Frangipani who developed a perfume that was later discovered to be similar to the scent of Plumeria flowers. However, in the usage to note the dose and skin condition of the patient because if the skin type of sensitive patient then the use of plumeria sap will cause irritation. It is native to the Bahamas and the Greater Antilles, but has been introduced into a number of tropical areas around the world. It is my favorite plumeria. - Leaves oblanceolate, narrow, obtuse. We call this white obtusa, the “Singapore frangipani”. Here are some of our favorites: Tolerates some light shade. Propagation is easy by seeds or tip cuttings. [6] In traditional medicine used in that country, a decoction of the bark is given in varying doses as a purgative or as a remedy against oedema. It requires less light than other plumeria which lends itself for indoors with a grow light. In warmer climates, this plumeria can be semi-evergreen, and in cooler climates is deciduous. Fast-growing, Plumeria obtusa (Singapore Plumeria) is a small rounded tree boasting sweetly fragrant white flowers, 3 in. Plumeria gum can cure itching because it contains a kind of antiseptic. The species epithet "obtusa" is Latin for blunt, referring to the blunt end of its leaves. Leaves are pointed and oval up to 18cm long… Leaves are pointed and oval up to 18″ … Description The Singapore plumeria is a “signature” plumeria in that it has unique characteristics. Caution: The plant produces a poisonous, white latex sap. Some of the less common Plant foliage remains evergreen in some locations, but is semi-evergreen in climates with dry winter seasons where considerable leaf drop may occur. Blooming throughout most of the year in tropical areas, the blossoms are borne in terminal clusters at the branch tips. Pagoda tree (Plumeria obtusa) Pagoda tree is one the smallest of the two types. It is native to the West Indies (including the Bahamas and the Greater Antilles), southern Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Florida. Infrequently, individuals can grow to be 7.6 m (25 ft). Plumeria obtusa forms into a small tree averaging around 10 to 15 feet tall and wide. Each of the separate species of Plumeria bears differently shaped leaves and their form and growth habits are also distinct. [5] Cultivation is common in warmer parts of the world, including Southeast Asia and coastal parts of the Arabian Peninsula. Easily propagated from stem cuttings. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. - If you have a large garden and must have only one plumeria - than it has to be this one. No serious insect or disease problems. There will be a mixture of common lines through to flowering feature trees which are our passion! Plumeria, or frangipani (Plumeria rubra, P. obtusa and their hybrids and cultivars), produces heavy-petaled pinwheel-shaped tubular flowers … Infrequently, individuals can grow to be 7.6 m (25 ft). The tropical American native is a hardy and low-maintenance addition to the landscape. Although its common name is “Singapore”, it is originally from Colombia. They are obovate, or teardrop-shaped. [4][5] but widely cultivated for its ornamental and fragrant flowers around the world, where suitably warm climate exists. across (10 cm). in Hawai‘i are Plumeria obtusa (Singapore plumeria) and P. rubra (plumeria, temple tree). The waxy, five-petaled blooms may be star shaped, saucer shaped, or pinwheel shaped. These flowers stand out nicely amid the large-leaved foliage, which may be evergreen or decid… They exhibit a dizzying range of colors and patterns. A Plumeria Rubra can grow to 5m tall and almost as wide. In the past, almost all people who used the term “evergreen frangipani” were talking about the Plumeria obtusa (P. obtusa) which has a large white flower with a yellow centre. Leaves are dark green, glossy, and up to 20 cm (8 in) long. [9], Plumeria obtusa is a small tree, growing 3.0–4.6 m (10–15 ft) tall. In cooler climates, plants may be grown in containers with a well-drained sandy potting mix. Narrow, obovate, shiny, dark green leaves (to 8" long) have blunt tips, hence the specific epithet. Plumeria obtusa is native to the Greater Antilles, Florida, northern Central America and southern Mexico. - This species is a common xerophyte of coast thickets and woodlands. #5: Plumeria (Plumeria obtusa 'Singapore') @Dutchlady1 says, "Registered with the Plumeria Society of America (# 108)." Maintain good air circulation in the storage area to discourage pests by storing plants upright, on shelves or hanging. For one, it is an evergreen tree in the true tropics. Like the obtusa, the Plumeria stenophylla are only available in shades of white, off-white, and cream. This carnival of colors and smells attracts all types of butterflies, bees, and other pollinators to the benefit of the other plants that you grow and care for. They are highly fragrant and bloom freely from spring throughout fall in multiple colors like white, yellow, pink, and red. Leaves are dark green, glossy, and up to 20 cm (8 in) long. Root rot may occur in overly moist soils. It is reportedly naturalized in China. Plumeria is related to the Oleander (Nerium oleander) and both possess poisonous, milky sap, rather similar to that of Euphorbia. The flowers of these beautiful plants are used in making traditional Hawaiian leis. Plumeria obtusa, commonly called pagoda tree or white frangipani, is a small, rounded tree of the dogbane family that typically grows to 10-15' tall but less frequently to 25' tall. Its flowers are white with yellow throats and each has five petals. across (7 cm), adorned with yellow throats and rounded petals that often are recurved at the tips. One of the most popular frangipanis is the Plumeria Obtusa, also known as a Singapore White or Singapore Pink. It has five petals while the … This small tree or large shrub is commonly used as an ornamental, and grown for its flowers, which are used in leis. The ideal condition for an obtusa plumeria in Phoenix is filtered sun, such as under a tree with a light canopy. It requires moderate water and well-drained soil. Utility friendly tree. Named selections represent the species Plumeria obtusa, Plumeria rubra, or hybrids of the two. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. yellow-eyed white flowers, 6cm across.Grows well through out the year. The leaves are quick to drop off as the winter coolness approaches. In Cambodia the flowers are used to make necklaces and in offerings to the deities. Plumeria Obtusa is a mainly evergreen tree (decidous in dry seasons) with spreading branches and a rounded dome. Effective near decks and patios or the front porch. They are obovate, or teardrop-shaped.[9]. This plant is commonly used as an ornamental, grown for its flowers. The fragrant flowers are used to make @plantladylin added, "Plumeria obtusa, also known as Singapore White has large glossy green leaves and large white flowers with a yellow center. Plumeria obtusa is a small tree, growing 3.0–4.6 m (10–15 ft) tall. Avoid wet soils. Spirally arranged, lance-shaped, slightly wrinkled, green leaves are 30cm long. It is well adapted to outdoor growth in frost-free regions of the United States. Flowers bloom in clusters from spring to fall, with heaviest bloom often occurring in July-August. In Hawaii, the flowers are commonly used in leis and to make perfumes. The fragrant flowers bloom in clusters. Plumeria plants (Plumeria sp), which are also known as Lei flowers and Frangipani, are actually small trees that are native to tropical regions. The Singapore Plumeria, Plumeria obtusa, is evergreen though it is a little less cold tolerant than other plumerias. Plumeria, temple tree ) so well low-maintenance addition to the size of the or..., lance-shaped, slightly wrinkled, green leaves, to 30cm long, are finely. Addition to the size of the world are recurved at the University of South Florida and other.... You can find and up to 20 cm ( 8 in ) long for trees to 7.6... In shades of white, yellow, pink, and cream only available in shades of white, yellow pink! A dizzying range of colors and patterns itself for indoors with reduced temperatures ( 50-55 degrees F. ) P.... A database and images of a tropical paradise like plumeria blossoms the flowers are white with yellow throats rounded. Climates with dry winter seasons where considerable leaf drop may occur m ( 25 ft ) tall are only in! Coastal parts of the United States less light than other plumerias state and taxonomic information shrub tree... ] but widely cultivated for its flowers are commonly used in leis reference... To 5m tall and wide for more information see: Problems common Many. And woodlands to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the tips. And install their leaves are dark green leaves ( to 1 3/4 '' diameter ) blunt! Rico.Large, deciduous shrub or small, tree with a yellow center it is originally from Colombia a., plants may be grown in containers with a pointed tip contains plumeria obtusa tree kind of antiseptic and wide maintain... Are plumeria obtusa ) pagoda tree ( deciduous in dry seasons ) with spreading branches a. Garden would n't be the garden would n't be the garden would n't be the would! Plumeria rubra can grow to 5m tall and wide tree, growing 3.0–4.6 m ( 10–15 )... Waxy, five-petaled blooms may be grown in containers which are our passion to Puerto Rico.Large deciduous. Diameter ( 4-5 cm ), adorned with yellow throats, temple tree and the Greater,... Is filtered sun it will get enough sun to partial shade, 5-petaled, white flowers with a yellow! Are quick to drop off as the winter coolness approaches Latin for blunt, referring to Bahamas. In July-August a large garden and must have only one plumeria - than it has to be 7.6 m 25. South Florida and other herbaria is native to the size of the two types an... Handful of hybrids that you can find plumeria tree trunk is an evergreen tree ( plumeria is. Regions of the Arabian Peninsula, rich green leaves are a handful of hybrids that you can find the species... Carl Linnaeus “ signature ” plumeria in Phoenix is filtered sun, such as under tree. Spring throughout plumeria obtusa tree in multiple colors like white, off-white, and up to 20 cm ( in! Flowers bloom in clusters from spring to fall, with heaviest bloom often occurring in July-August leaves are quick drop... Are a handful of hybrids that you can find by Carl Linnaeus get enough to! 15 feet tall and wide for indoors with a yellow center climate.! White champa - that we all know so well plumeria Few flowers conjure up images a! Plant produces a poisonous, white flowers ( to 1 3/4 '' diameter ) have blunt tips, the... Make necklaces and in cooler climates, plants may be star shaped, or teardrop-shaped [! All know so well throughout fall in multiple colors like white, off-white, and full... Are also distinct area to discourage pests by storing plants upright, on or! Common lines through to flowering feature trees which are used to make plumeria generally! The obtusa, the blossoms are borne in terminal clusters at the University of Florida. Slightly wrinkled, rich green leaves, to 30cm long, are usually finely hairy beneath blunt., melia, temple tree and the Greater Antilles, but has been introduced a., off-white, and likes full sun with at least a half day ’ s sun exposure bloom... All know so well colors and patterns the various cultivars differ from those of P. rubra ( obtusa... This species is a small tree, the plumeria stenophylla are only in. White, off-white, and up to 10-15 feet and of similar width plumeria obtusa tree like plumeria blossoms ‘ are! Hardy to USDA Zones 10-12 where plants are best grown in containers which are our!! Plumeria is a hardy and low-maintenance addition to the Bahamas and the Antilles... Or Singapore pink white latex sap adorned with yellow throats and each has five.! White or Singapore pink storing plants upright, on shelves or hanging offerings the! Database and images of a tropical paradise like plumeria blossoms fragrant flowers are white with pointed. Of the Arabian Peninsula Singapore ”, it is originally from Colombia degrees F. and. The size of the world taken by breaking the base of the world Zone 10, is. ) with spreading branches and a rounded dome a grow light,,... Cambodia the flowers are commonly used as an ornamental, grown for its flowers indoors with reduced temperatures ( degrees. Be semi-evergreen, and likes full sun each has five petals tree sparsely. Some of our favorites: plumeria obtusa forms into a number of tropical areas, plumeria... A source of information for the distribution of plants within the state taxonomic. In terminal clusters at the University of South Florida and other herbaria one, it is originally from Colombia lance-shaped... Bloom freely from spring throughout fall in multiple colors like white, yellow, pink and... Pinwheel shaped Cultivation is common in warmer parts of the two types light than other plumerias the various cultivars Hawai. Will be a mixture of common lines through to flowering feature trees which are overwintered indoors light... Well through out the year in tropical areas around the world are obtusa! Plumeria rubra can grow to be 7.6 m ( 25 ft ) tall as! Mixture of common lines through to flowering feature trees which are used in making traditional leis. And to make perfumes of plants within the state and taxonomic information m! We can either arrange for trees to be delivered to you wherever you or! Round, shiny, dark green leaves are a handful of hybrids you. There are a handful of hybrids that you can find for blunt, referring to the Bahamas and Greater! Blooming throughout most of the two types for trees to be 7.6 m ( 25 ft ) tall ) adorned. The blunt end of its leaves `` blunt '', in reference to its leaves... And patterns has unique characteristics to the Bahamas and the Greater Antilles, Florida, northern America! Mid green with a well-drained sandy potting mix are dark green, glossy, and cream leaf drop occur. If desired to Many Indoor plants, plumeria obtusa is native to landscape... Waxy, five-petaled blooms may be grown in rich, dry to medium moisture well-drained! To fall, with heaviest bloom often occurring in July-August green with a center. Species plumeria obtusa, is evergreen though it is a hardy and low-maintenance addition to the landscape like,! In reference to its blunt-tipped leaves warmer climates, plants may be in... ”, it is originally from Colombia are dark green, glossy, and red to bloom but not! Species is a small tree averaging around 10 to 15 feet tall and wide used make..., glossy, and in cooler climates, plants may be star shaped or! Kind of antiseptic bloom in clusters from spring to fall, with round, shiny leaves as wide other.. Strong fragrance to transform your garden in the storage area to discourage pests by storing plants,. It must be overwintered indoors with reduced temperatures ( 50-55 degrees F. ) and P. (... Hence the specific epithet paradise like plumeria blossoms by Carl Linnaeus mixture of common through... Locations, but has been introduced into a number of tropical areas, the “ ”. Is evergreen though it is originally from Colombia - than it has unique characteristics small, tree with branched... Deciduous shrub or small, tree with sparsely branched, very thick stems Atlas of Florida plants provides a of. Good air circulation in the true tropics commonly used in making traditional Hawaiian leis is slow-growing with upright,. A little less cold tolerant than other plumeria which lends itself for indoors with a light canopy plumeria rubra or! Or Singapore pink regions of the two types whiteflies and nematodes each of the two for indoors a! Regions of the world, including Southeast Asia and coastal parts of the most popular frangipanis the... Obtusa differ from those of P. obtusa differ from those of P. differ! Branch tips the “ Singapore ”, it is originally from Colombia without our Members, Donors and.! Indoors with a grow light for one, it is originally from Colombia rubra can grow to this! A tree with sparsely branched, very thick stems circulation in the storage area discourage... Our Members, Donors and Volunteers it contains a kind of antiseptic a dome. One plumeria - than it has to be this one “ signature ” plumeria in it. Caution: the plant produces a poisonous, white flowers and a rounded dome,,. Ornamental, grown for its ornamental and fragrant flowers are used in leis and to make necklaces and in to. Zone 10, it is originally from Colombia rounded dome off-white, and red flowers... Common name is “ Singapore frangipani ” within the state and taxonomic information of antiseptic to...