1. Multifunctionality and biodiversity: Ecosystem services in temperate rainforests of the Pacific Northwest, USA Patric Brandta,b,⇑, David J. Absonc, Dominick A. DellaSalad, Robert Fellerb, Henrik von Wehrdenb,c a Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate - Atmospheric Environmental Research, Kreuzeckbahnstraße 19, 82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, … Describing forest ecosystem – A forest ecosystem is a place that provides natural habitat to millions of plant and animal species. Nonetheless, estimates of the economic value of various services of forests does provide one indication of their importance relative to each other and to timber production and non-timber forest products. Recently, Costanza et al. The forest ecosystems have been divided into different types based on the climatic conditions of that particular region – for example- tropical rainforest, temperate, etc. The speakers were very diverse, and each of them presenting a different perspective while keeping the main fil rouge on forests as provider of multiple ecosystem services. Climate-driven forest pressures are foreseen to increase and competing socio-economic demands for forest services result in multiple drivers of forest change. These forests occur across the world in the mid-latitudes (between the tropics and the polar regions) in western Europe, eastern Asia, southwestern South America, and the eastern U.S. The other remnants can be found in eastern United States, Europe, Russia, southwest South America, New Zealand, Australia, China and Japan. One-quarter of the remaining global temperate forests can be found on the British Columbia coast of Canada. They are distinguished by warm and cold air masses that cause four distinct seasons a year. Almost all the temperate forests are located near an ocean. Temperate deciduous forests are located in the mid-latitude areas which means that they are found between the polar regions and the tropics. To guide management that seeks to promote multiple services, we investigated the relationships between 12 stand-level forest attributes, including structure, composition, heterogeneity and plant diversity, plus 4 environmental factors, and proxies for 14 ecosystem services in 150 temperate forest … (1997) estimated the economic value of various services of forests at the global level. The temperature varies widely from season to season with cold winters and hot, wet summers. The Eastern Deciduous Forest is a type of "temperate deciduous forest." The estimated value of aesthetic and passive use of forest ecosystem services alone is $280 million a year in the United States. Temperate forests provide direct ecosystem services (wood, fiber, firewood) to about 18 million people who live in 9200 rural communities . Forests in Maryland provide a multitude of ecosystem services, economic goods and social amenities to society. The deciduous forest regions are exposed to warm and cold air masses, which cause this area to have four seasons. Some common naturally-occurring temperate forest foods include… Introduction. The second day opened with the second plenary, which was focused on the drivers and the outcomes of forest management for multiple ecosystem services. Here, we evaluate direct and indirect effects (through ecosystem properties) of biodiversity changes due to land‐use intensification on the provision of ecosystem services, and examine how management practices influence these relationships in Andean‐Patagonian temperate forests (Argentina) under different silvopastoral use intensities (SUI). Our National Grasslands provide aesthetic beauty in many forms including wildlife viewing by being home to a diversity of species including golden eagles, grouse, pronghorn, elk, prairie dogs, and bison. The ecosystem services provided by forests include providing wildlife habitat, generating and maintaining soils, improving water quality, dampening storm flows, abating air pollution, and reducing the urban heat island effect. In addition, they offer more than 20 regulation and cultural ecosystem services that benefit many sectors of society [28, 29]. Yet, without the ecosystem services that forests provide, many natural and human processes would collapse. According to the 2011 Keeping Track of Our Changing Environment: From Rio to Rio+20 (1992-2012) report by the UNEP, since 1990, the world’s primary forest area has decreased by 300 million hectares, an area larger than Argentina. , fiber, firewood ) to about 18 million people who live in 9200 rural.! 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