And if any man wonders why, after so many other men have written of Alexander, the compilation of this history came into my mind, after perusing[13] the narratives of all the rest, let him read this of mine, and then wonder (if he can). I was however very impressed at how leninent Alexender is in a very brutal world and his military genius is very impressive and stands out at every turn of the story. VIII. He was the author of a work describing the campaigns of Alexander the Great. The last authority which he mentions, is the Royal Diary kept by Eumenes, of Cardia, the private secretary of Philip as well as of Alexander, and by the historian Diodotus, of Erythrae. Destruction of Halicarnassus.—Ada, Queen of Caria, XXV. Alliance with the Scythians and Chorasmians, XVI. Different authors have given different accounts of Alexander's life; and there is no one about whom more have written, or more at variance with each other. . March to Bactra.—Bessus aided by Satibarzanes, XXVII. . Anxiety of the Soldiers about Alexander, XIII. Alexander in Persis.—Tomb of Cyrus Repaired, XXX. Siege of Tyre.—Naval Defeat of the Tyrians, XXV. Darius's Letter, and Alexander's Reply, XV. By far the most important of these is the Anabasis of Alexander, or the History of Alexander the Great's Campaigns. Arrian of Nicomedia (c.87 - after 145): Greek historian and senator of the Roman empire, author of several historical studies. Conquest of Bactria, and Pursuit of Bessus across the Oxus, XXX. Another lost work of Arrian on the life and death of Epictetus is mentioned by Simplicius in the beginning of his Commentary on the Enchiridion. Considered by many to be the most important work on Alexander the Great, Arrian's "The Anabasis of Alexander" is an accurate and thorough account of the Macedonian conqueror's military exploits. History of the Alani. Titled Anabasis, presumably in order to recall Xenophon’s work of that title, it describes Alexander’s VI. . 85) expressly mentions the two works as distinct. Lucian (Alexander, 56) calls Arrian simply Xenophon. Both these numbers are inaccurate. Lucian in his treatise. Alexander's Tactics.—His Speech to the Officers, XV. Alexander was born in Maceddonia in 356 B.C. [2] In the same way the Jewish historian, Josephus, had been allowed by Vespasian and Titus to bear the imperial name Flavius. X. [4] Previous to this he was appointed (A.D. 132) by Hadrian, Governor of Cappadocia, which province was soon after invaded by the Alani, or Massagetae, whom he defeated and expelled. Lucian (Alex. Writing in the Roman Empire during the 2nd century AD, Arrian was a Greek historian, philosopher, and military commander. An Army of Asiatics Trained under the Macedonian Discipline, VIII. Photius mentions among Arrian's historical works:—The Events after Alexander, in ten books, which gives the history of Alexander's successors. Storming of Cyropolls.—Eevolt of the Scythians, IV. I heard of Arrian in the memoirs of Hadrian.He was a man of great energy and great skill. . The reason is that Arrian ignored Cleitarchus' immensely popular History of Alexanderand used other, better sources. Gellius (xix. During the stay of the emperor Hadrian at Athens, A.D. 126, Arrian gained his friendship. The Macedonians Offended at Alexander, XI. A small work by Arrian on the Chase, forms a supplement to Xenophon's book on the same subject. . Incredulity of Eratosthenes.—Passage of the Indus, VIII. Arrian The Anabasis of Alexander The Anabasis (which survives complete in seven books) is a history of the campaigns of Alexander the Great, specifically … Be the first to ask a question about Anabasis of Alexander, Books 1–4. Arrian stated Ptolemy son of Lagos (a commander in Alexander's army ) and Aristobulus son of Aristobulus (an architect ) as the primary sources for information for the contents of the piece (DL Smith 2012),both of these accompanied Alexander on the anabasis. Musicanus Executed.—Capture of Patala, XX. Alliance with Porus.—Death of Buoephalas, XX. Capture of Bessus.—Exploits in Sogdiana, III. by Harvard University Press. The Anabasis of Alexander, by Arrian of Nicomedia The Anabasis gives a broadly chronological account of the reign of Alexander the Great of Macedon (336–323 BC), with a particular focus on military matters. It is a comparatively easy thing to give a paraphrase of a foreign work, presenting the general drift of the original; but no one, unless he has himself tried it, can understand the difficulty of translating a classical Author correctly without omission or mutilation. The Loeb Classical Library edition of Arrian is in two volumes. March from the Indus to the Hydaspe, XVIII. 1976 93). V. Besides editing these philosophical works, Arrian ​wrote many original books. The Persians capture Tenedus.—They are Defeated at Sea, IV. A student of Epictetus, Arrian took notes at his lectures and published them (in eight books of which we have four, The Discourses) and also the Encheiridion or Manual of Epictetus. The Anabasis (which survives complete in seven books) is a history of the campaigns of Alexander the Great, specifically his conquest of the Persian Empire between 336 and 323 BC. . He also compiled The Enchiridion of Epictetus, an abstract of the philosophy of Epictetus, which is still extant. Arrian of Nicomedia (Latin: Lucius Flavius Arrianus Xenophon; Greek: Ἀρριανός c. AD c. 86 c. 160) was a Greek historian, public servant, military commander and philosopher of the 2nd-century Roman period. March through Carmania.—Punishment of Viceroys, XXIX. Defeat of the Scythians beyond the Tanais, V. Spitamenes destroys a Macedonian Detachment, X. Alexander crosses the Hindu-Koosh, XXIX. Capture of Aornus.—Arrival at the Indus, III. Reconciliation between Alexander and his Army, XII. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Anabasis of Alexander: The Battle of Gaugamela (Book III, 7-16) By: Arrian (Lucius Flavius Arrianus) Translated By: E. J. Chinnock 7. March through the Desert of Gadrosia, XXVII. Arrian’s Anabasis of Alexander in seven books is the best account we have of Alexander’s adult life. The earlier literary efforts of Arrian were philosophical. In many parts this book agrees nearly verbally with the larger work of Aelian on the same subject; but Leo Tactions (vii. March through the Desert of Gadrosia, XXIII. Arrian takes for granted much that a modern reader (and perhaps some of his own public) might not know; in particular, he plunges into the story of Alexander’s campaigns without telling us anything about the condition of Macedon, Greece or Persia at the time, of the circumstances of his own accession or of the military resources at his command. In the multiplicity of references which I have put into the Notes, I should be sanguine if I imagined that no errors will be found; but if such occur, I must plead as an excuse the pressure of work which a teacher in a large school experiences, leaving him very little energy for literary-labour. Defeat of the Aspasians.—The Assaoenians and Guraeans Attacked, XXVIII. [3] Photius says, that Arrian had a distinguished career in Rome, being entrusted with various political offices, and at last reaching the supreme dignity of consul under ​Antoninus Pius. Treatment of Amyntas.—The Ariaspians, XXVIII. Writing in the 2nd Century, nearly 400 years after the death of Alexander, Arrian had access to many important works which are now lost. . Description of the Euphrates and the Pallacopas, XXII. Voyage down the Hydaspes into the Acesines, VIII. Besides the large works, we learn from Photius (cod. Speech of Alexander to his Officers, XVIII. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. the great slaughter commited at Thebes and his fault at killing his friend. Start by marking “Anabasis of Alexander, Books 1–4 (Loeb Classical Library, #236)” as Want to Read: Error rating book. He intended this work to be his masterpiece, believing Alexander to be a splendid … Hodder and Stoughton. Defeat of the Persians.—Loss on Both Sides, XVIII. 12 and 13) that the Persian infantry was inferior in number to that of Alexander. . Four lines from the bottom, for Anab. . Indica, a description of India and of Nearchus's voyage therefrom, was to be a supplement. Though inspired with admiration for his hero, the author evinces impartiality and freedom from hero-worship. . . The Advice of the Chaldees rejected, XIX. Arrian, Greek historian and philosopher who was one of the most distinguished authors of the 2nd-century Roman Empire. There are, however, at least a dozen valuable Greek authors of this century whose works are still extant, and of these it is a safe statement to make, that Arrian is the best of them all, with the single exception of Lucian. I was very interested in the flesh and blood Alexender and. Description of Arabia.—Voyage of Nearchus, XXI. He also made use of Alexander's letters, which he mentions five times;[6] only once, however, quoting the exact words of the writer. Marriages between Macedonians and Persians, VI. For this work, also known as “The Anabasis of Alexander,” he had access to many sources which are now sadly lost. . . Have you ever had that strange feeling when you drive past the site of a recently demolished building in your neighbourhood and you can't remember what was there? Arrian, or Lucius Flavius Arrianus, was a Greek born of well-to-do parents at Nicomedia, the capital of the Roman province of Bithynia, probalbly a few years before A.D. 90.His father had been granted Roman citizenship which enabled Arrian to take up his career in the imperial service. . That makes it even more amazing to me that we still know so much about the life of Alexander the Great. 19) says that the Persian cavalry numbered 10,000 and their infantry 100,000. Voyage down the Indus to the Land of Musicanus, XVI. Alexander changes the Disposition of his Forces, XIII. This is one of the most authentic and accurate of historical works. In the following Translation I have tried to give as literal a rendering of the Greek text as I could without transgressing the idioms of our own language. This book is written in the Ionic dialect, like the History of Herodotus and the Indica of Ctesias. A student of Epictetus, Arrian took notes at his lectures and published them (in eight books of which we have four, The Discourses) and also the Encheiridion or Manual of Epictetus. Another work by Arrian, in twelve books, distinct from the above, is mentioned by Photius under the title of "'Όμιλία,'Επικτήτου" or Friendly Conversations with Epictetus. 58). When I began this Translation, more than two years ago, I had no intention of publishing it; but as the work progressed, it occurred to me that Arrian is an Author deserving of more attention from the English speaking races than he has yet received. It has been translated by E. Iliff Robson in … v. 1, it is clear that it was composed after the Anabasis. . . . This is one of the most authentic and accurate of historical works. Literally translated, with a commentary, from the Greek of Arrian, the Nicomedian Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. Arrian's Anabasis of Alexander in seven books is the best account we have of Alexander's adult life.Indica, a description of India and of Nearchus's voyage therefrom, was to be a supplement. Only fragments of this and the Parthica remain. Ptolemy's mother, Arsinoe, had been a concubine of Philip of Macedon, for which reason it was generally believed that Ptolemy was the offspring of that king. . Both works are available in the Loeb Epictetus edition. Photius (cod. Oxyartes Besieged in the Sogdian Rock, XIX. Alexander Captures the Rock and Marries Roxana, XX. . Darius pursued into Media and Parthia, XXV. I heard of Arrian in the memoirs of Hadrian.He was a man of great energy and great skill. Invasion of the Land of the Cathaeans, XXV. II. His model was Xenophon's Anabasis. Alexander arrived at Thapsacus in the month Hecatombaion,[1] in the archonship of Aristophanes at Athens; and he found that two bridges of … See Photius (cod. I. 95-175 BCE) is the best extant account of Alexander the Great's adult life. V. Besides editing these philosophical works, Arrian wrote many original books. Rumour that Alexander was Poisoned, https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=The_Anabasis_of_Alexander&oldid=9847143, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Other authorities quoted by Arrian himself were:—Eratosthenes, Megasthenes, Nearchus, Aristus, and Asclepiades. Exploration of the Mouths of the Indus, XXII. Considered by many to be the most important work on Alexander the Great, Arrian's "The Anabasis of Alexander" is an accurate and thorough account of the Macedonian conqueror's military exploits. There is nothing like reading a history or biography book and being so completely transported to another time and place that you find... To see what your friends thought of this book, Anabasis of Alexander, Books 1–4 (Loeb Classical Library, #236). Conquest of the Glausians.—Embassy from Abisares.—Passage of the Acesines, XXII. Joy of the Soldiers at Alexander's Recovery, XIV. 2), also states that he wrote the life of Tilliborus, the notorious robber of Asia Minor. Escape of Darius into Media.—March of Alexander to Babylon and Susa, XVIII. A valuable geographical work by Arrian has come down to us, called "Περίπλους πόντου Εύξείνου" a description of a voyage round the coasts of the Euxine. In Homer Ares is the Trojan and Enyalius the Grecian war-god. Links to translation of Arrian: Anabasis, by E. Iliff Robson. See Photius,(cod. Alexander crosses the Hellespont and visits Troy, XII. He accompanied his patron to Rome, where he received the Roman citizenship. 92) has preserved many extracts from this work. This manual of the Stoic moral philosophy was very popular, both among Pagans and Christians, for many centuries. Darius at Issus.—Alexander's Speech to his Army, IX. Embassies from Greece.—Fleet prepared for Invading Arabia, XX. An Array of Battle against the Alani, is a fragment discovered in the seventeenth century in the Description of his Battles with the Alani, who invaded his province, probably 187 A.D., as Arrian had previously feared.[10]. 5; xxv. Bithynica in eight books, a work often quoted by Eustathius in his commentaries to the Iliad and to Dionysius Periegetes. The Anabasis is by far the fullest surviving account of Alexander's conquest of the Persian empire. Alexander reaches the River Cabul, and Receives the Homage of Taxiles, XXV. Writing in the 2nd Century, nearly 400 years after the death of Alexander, Arrian had access to many important works which are now lost. Ptolemy was one of the earliest friends of Alexander before his accession to the throne, and accompanied him throughout his campaigns, being one of his most. He exhibits great literary acuteness in the choice of his authorities and in sifting evidence. Alexander marches to Miletus and Occupies the Island of Lade, XX. Of this only a few fragments survive. VII. This page was last edited on 12 January 2020, at 21:50. From section 26 of the Periplus we find that this voyage must have taken place about the year 131 or 132 A.D.; for the death of King Cotys II., noticed, ​in that passage as just dead, is proved by Böckh's investigations to have occurred in 131 A.D. Two other geographical works, The Periplus of the Bed Sea and The Periplus of the Euxine, formerly ascribed to Arrian, are proved to belong to a later date. An Omen of Alexander's Approaching Death, XXIII. . Arrian, Anabasis, book 1, chapter pr. Writing in the 2nd Century, nearly 400 years after the death of Alexander, Arrian had access to many important works which are now lost. , XXV Babylon and Susa, XVIII he sometimes tries to shift the blame away from where! 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