It started running in 1863 as the Metropolitan Railway.After the opening the system was copied in many other cities, for example New York and Madrid.Even though it is called the Underground about half of it is above the ground. The Tube brings major economic benefits to the city. The Metropolitan Railway (also known as the Met) was a passenger and goods railway that served London from 1863 to 1933, its main line heading north-west from the capital's financial heart in the City to what were to become the Middlesex suburbs. The forgotten men of the London Underground At this very moment in time there are huge mechanical earthworms journeying through subterranean London. The first Tube line was built and financed by a private company, the Metropolitan Railway. The London Underground is a system of electric trains in London, UK.It is the oldest underground railway in the world. Where London Underground stations need to be built in Surrey It's time the network, which already covers 250 miles across the capital, was extended into Surrey getsurrey Today, it is the 11th-busiest subway system on the planet with 1.379 billion passengers using it from 2016-2017. The shortest escalator on the Tube system, with only 50 steps, is at Chancery Lane. It's difficult to see how London would function as a world capital without it. Out of the 287 stations, only 29 are south of the river Thames. The world’s first underground railway, the London Underground was constructed as a response to the city’s rapid growth during the 19th Century. How the London underground was built. London’s first underground railway and its first tube line were designed and built by Benjamin Baker (1840–1907). Engineers building the Metropolitan line in 1863 used the 'cut and cover' method to dig tunnels. The London Underground was proposed by Charles Pearson, a city solicitor, as part of a city improvement plan shortly after the opening of the Thames Tunnel in 1843. London Underground is as much part of London as Buckingham Palace, Big Ben and Westminster Abbey – and some would argue a lot more useful. Almost 60% of the London Underground is actually above ground. Its tunnels stretch for 249 miles throughout London, often overlapping and giving passengers plenty of […] According to London Underground history, private companies building Tube networks in the 19th century prioritised North London because there was less competition and the tickets were more sought-after. The London Underground stations that should be built, according to South Londoners. This meant workers dug a trench, built the sides and then roofed it over. Its first line connected the main-line railway termini at Paddington, Euston, and King's Cross to the City. 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