Pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide. pasture at B.R.F. Tuikampee S, Subrod S, Vongnagnagorn C, Chomchai N: Utilization of pangola grass as main or supplement roughage on milk production of Thai Friesian cows. C14:0 3.10 3.51 0.256 0.455. J. Agric. In: Xandé A. et Alexandre G. (eds), Pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide, INRA Publications, Versailles, 31-44, Perez Infante, F. ; Nunez, M., 1983. Live weight performance of Holstein cows during lactation. It is tolerant of drought but low rainfall is the main limiting factor for production range and yield. Juárez Reyes et al. Agronomy Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Pangola is recommended for the poorly drained soils in Malaysia and the Philippines and is tolerant of flooding (Hacker 1992). In Taiwan, Hsieh (1990) used four tropical grasses (pangola, Guinea, dwarf elephant and South African pigeon grass) which were grazed by seven Holstein steers during the first year and 60 Nubian-native goat hybrids during the second year. Eugène M, Sauvant D, Weisbecker JL, Archimède H: Effects of defaunation on digestion of fresh Digitaria decumbens grass and growth of lambs. Pangola grass is used extensively for pasture, hay and silage. Agro, Dominican Republic, 12 (108): 29-33, Tierney, T. J. ; Evans, J. ; Taylor, W. J., 1983. Kearl10dem- onstrated that the nutrients values of Pangola grass hay were lower, i.e., 9.58 MJ/kgDM of DE, 7.82 MJ/kgDM of ME, 52% of total digestible nutrients (TDN) and 6.9% of CP, than those obtained in our study (Tables 2 and 3). (Eds.). Bangkok: Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2006. Pangola grass is a good source of forage and can be fed fresh or preserved as hay or silage. 50(2)–0214–109), Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development. Raising beef cattle and dairy cows on high-quality pasture grass is also beneficial both nutritionally and economically. However, in horse grazing pangola pastures, cases of bighead disease (nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism caused by interference of oxalate in pangola grass with mineral utilization in horses) have been recorded (Stewart et al. Available at http://ags.kku.ac.th/kaj. Evaluation of three tropical grasses. Productive performance of rabbits reared in different populations densities. The decrease in CP content between 14 and 28 days of growth represent 70% of the general decrease observed between 14 and 56 days. Criteria White Lamphun Brahman crossbred SEM 1 P-value. Quantitative studies of the digestion of tropical and temperate forages by sheep. (2007) reported that the 56-day old grasses were characterised by lower CP and higher fibre contents as compared to 21-day old grasses. It will tolerate light shade and salt spray when planted in coconut groves on beaches. Pangola grass was introduced to the farmers not until 1999 (Animal Nutrition Division 2006). Forage yield and nutritive value of, Garza, T. R. ; Portugal, G. A. ; Aluja, S. A. , 1978. Anim. Archimède H, Boval M, Alexandre G, Xandé A, Aumont G, Poncet C: Effect of regrowth age on intake and digestion of Digitaria decumbens consumed by Black-belly sheep. The leaves are produced in dense tufts. Pastos y Forrajes 1980, 3: 147-161. Publ. Composition and nutritive value of feedstuffs in Northern Thailand. Res., 37 (5): 549-560, Hunter, R. A.; Siebert, B. D., 1986. Tropical forages. Lee MJ, Hwang SY, Chiou PWS: Metabolisable energy of roughage in Taiwan. Tikam, K., Phatsara, C., Mikled, C. et al. Intake and digestion in swamp buffaloes and cattle. Privacy Seasonal productivity and nutritive value of 5 tropical grasses in Martinique. The future of pangola grass as basal roughage or supplement in the diets of ruminant animals seems to be very promising but requires long term plans. Chaiwang N, Apichartsrungkoon T, Chomchai N, Prakotrat D, Pugdeethai K, Chaichaum W, Wicke M, Jaturasitha S: Carcass and beef quality of white Lamphun and Brahman crossbred cattle fed with pangola grass. Sbornik Vysoke Skoly Zemedelske v Praze, Fakulta Agronomicka B. Creek MJ, Nestel BL: The effect of grazing cycle duration on live-weight output and chemical composition of pangóla grass (Digitaria decumbens Stent) in Jamaica. The common name for D. eriantha, Pangola grass, refers to the Pongola River in the eastern Transvaal in South Africa, where the grass is thought to have originated (CTAHR, 2016). FAO, Rome, Italy: FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 161; 2000:59-62. There was no significant difference between breeds in the digestion of organic matter (OM) and cell wall constituents (CWC). Khon Kaen Agric J 2012, 40: 166-169. Digitaria umfolozi is not recognized by major taxonomic authorities, but is sometimes described as a stoloniferous species with hairy leaves, up to 70 cm tall, from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and is probably synonymous with Digitaria eriantha. Pangola is being promoted as a high quality fresh grass cash crop for cultivation on former rice lands (Khemsawat and Phonbumrung 2002). Bras. Annual Report Year 2006 (Technical Document No. Husb., 29: 333-337, Holm, J., 1971. Relationships between chemical composition and, McCosker, T. H. ; Teitzel, J. K., 1975. Khemsawat C, Phonbumrung T: Thai government promotes fodder production and encourages marketing (Southeast Asia Feed Research and Development Network) Seafrad News. II. The apparent digestibilities, nitrogen and energy balances of common roughages in Formosan Sika deer. Annual Report Year 2007 (Technical Document No. Accessed May 11, 2013, Ebersohn JP, Lee GR: The impact of sown pastures on cattle numbers in Queensland. Part of The effects of condensed tannins from, Rees, M. C. ; Minson D. J. ; Smith F. W., 1974. The ability of Rollins Ranch to sustain such a large herd of cattle is derived from the careful management of our grassland. Effect of regrowth age on intake and digestion of, Archimede, H. ; Dulorme, M. ; Tournebize, R. ; Saminadin, G. ; Periacarpin, F. ; Xande, A., 2001. It grows relatively well in various soils, but grows especially well in moist soils. More recent studies on in vivo digestibility of pangola fed in different forms are summarized in Table 2. 10.1079/NRR19900016. The digestion of mature pangola grass (Digitaria decurnbens) by Hereford (Bos taurus) and Brahman (Bos indicus) steers was studied. The leaf blades are 5-60 cm long, 2-14 mm wide, glabrous or hairy. Contribution to the study of hay production in a humid tropical environment: drying and conservation factors in Martinique. 4. Silage. Pangola grass tolerates a wide range of soil moisture, pH, and soil fertility. Sci., 120: 407-415, Tomkins, N. W. ; McMeniman, N. P. ; Daniel, R. C. W., 1991. EFFECT OF STOCKING RATE, BREED, GRAIN SUPPLEMMTATION, NITROGEN FERTILIZER LEVEL AND ANTHELMINTIC TREATMENT ON GROWTH RATE OF DAIRY WEANERS GRAZING IRRIGATED PANGOLIA GRASS H.D. It is widespread on the island but that has some drawbacks in terms of tannins. Pangola is a very palatable grass that is read-ily consumed by livestock (beef, dairy cattle and horses) of pangola grass in fresh or preserved (hay and silage) forms to ruminant animals showed beneficial results. stolonifera Stapf, Digitaria geniculata Stent, Digitaria glauca Stent, Digitaria pentzii Stent, Digitaria pentzii var. September 1- December 15. in: Domestic Buffalo Production in Asia. This taxon comprises many morphologically different types that were once (and sometimes still are) considered to be separate species. Nutritional value of tropical forage crops grown in Cuba. It is generally considered to have low shade tolerance (Ecocrop, 2009). Animal production As with all tropical grasses, the feeding value of Pangola grass is very dependent on the stage of growth and level of fertilisation, young growth having much higher protein and digestibility levels than older growth. Some authors studied effects of pangola on growth of ruminants. Grass legume associations for meat production of creole goats: Likoni A 15 (, Alfonso, A. ; Valdes, L. R. ; Batista, J, 1985. The inflorescence is a digitate (single whorl) or subdigitate (2 or more whorls) panicle comprising 3-17 racemes, 5-20 cm long. Gainesville: University of Florida; 2012. (1991) indicated that the digestibility of DM and DM constituents and hence the energy value of pangola and Napier grasses were higher at the earlier stages of growth and decreased as the plant approached maturity. The project was called the “Na Yaa” project in Thai. For this reason, a quantitative evaluation of factors contributing to variation in chemical composition of pangola was not possible. Currently, the guideline for the production of quality Pangola Grass and field management is not established. species or toxicity to livestock (e.g. The digestibility and voluntary intake by sheep of six tropical grasses. Anim. 1983, 186-187. Bangkok: Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2004. Symposium sur l'alimentation des ruminants en milieu tropical. Angthong W, Noiuthai S, Chaichaum W, Chomchai N: Nutritive values of different growth pangola hay (Digitaria eriantha). The average CP content of pangola (7.9%) is low compared to those of Pennisetum purpureum cv. The contents of major minerals, sulphur and trace elements in Pangola grass and savannas in Guadeloupe (F.W.I.). Nevertheless, good growth can be obtained on soils ranging from sands to heavy clays. Sci., 17: 1-9, Margan, D. E. ; Graham, N. M. ; Minson, D. J. ; Searle, T. W., 1988. This study was financially supported by the Institute of Animal Science, University of Bonn. Sci., 60 (3): 341-346, Butterworth, M. H., 1964. Until 1992, Dr. T. Yu (at that time at Charoen Pokphand Foods PCL-Crop Integration Business CP Group) imported pangola grass type 254A from Taiwan and cultivated it at Kamphaeng Phet province (Northern Thailand) to produce pangola hay for sale in Thailand and abroad. Pangola grass is one of the higher quality tropical grasses. Cattle weight changes on pangola/T.S. Energy and protein values of four forages, including a comparison between tropical and temperate species. Pangola was adapted from the Philippines to areas of Thailand by the Animal Nutrition Division in 1983, and released for cultivation at Pakchong Animal Nutrition Center (which later changed its name to Nakhonratchasima Animal Nutrition Research and Development Center) and redistributed to all areas in Thailand. Crude protein values range from 5 to 14%, and may exceed 15% with young regrowth and large applications of fertilizer. Electronic publication on the NewCROPS web site. Paturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide, 1989, 233-251, Tergas, L. E., 1983. Anim. It is tolerant to droughts, water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively quickly post grazing. Pangola is thus thought to be an alteration of the river’s name. Sci., 19 (3): 249-256, Perez-Maldonado, R. A. ; Norton, B. W., 1996. Stewart J, Liyou O, Wilson G: Bighead in horses – not an ancient disease. The effect of supplements of rumen-degradable protein and formaldehyde-treated casein on the intake of low-nitrogen roughages by, INFIC, 1978. Bangkok: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2006. II. Duke JA: Handbook of energy crops. Cook BG, Pengelly BC, Brown SD, Donnelly JL, Eagles DA, Franco MA, Hanson J, Mullen BF, Partridge IJ, Peters M, Schultze-Kraft R: Tropical forages: an interactive selection tool. The general conclusion is that supplementation of pangola grass in fresh or preserved (hay and silage) forms to ruminant animals showed beneficial results. This extreme heterogeneity, which left only few and sometimes one single number for a given variable related to the nutritive value of pangola, precluded a quantitative analysis of data. Studies on Pangola grass at ICTA, Trinidad. Animal Nutrition Division: Table of animal nutrition values. Like all tropical grasses, chemical and nutritive value of pangola grass vary with several factors including age of regrowth, season, fertilizer and genotype. Feedipedia.org and Tables Régions Chaudes. It does not produce viable seeds. https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-2-604, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-2-604. P. Rico, 67 (3): 317-327, Archimede, H. ; Aumont, G. ; Saminadin, G. ; Depres, E. ; Despois, P. ; Xande, A., 1999. pentzii (Stent) Kok), Adjei, M. B. ; Mislevy, P. ; West, R. L., 1988. 1. Pangola grass is utilized extensively as grass for animal grazing, hay and silage making. World Bank: The state of food security in the world. Rome, FAO, Jerez, I. ; Rodriguez, V. ; Rivero, J. L., 1984. Mullik ML, Poppi DP, McLennan SR: Quantification of the efficiency of rumen microbial protein synthesis in steers fed green tropical grass. The stolons and stems are hairy. Features of a healthy pasture A healthy pasture has a: • high percentage of palatable, productive, perennial grasses (3P grasses) • small number of annual plants (e.g. The variations of the nutritional values of pangola grass according to the age of regrowth are presented in the table below: Rabbits can be fed on commercial granulated diet supplemented with pangola grass hay (Ferreira et al., 1999). © 2020 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. CP values are commonly of the order of 9‒14%, and may exceed 20%, and IVDMD 45‒70%. Digitaria eriantha is sometimes stoloniferous or tufted and rhizomatous. 49(3)–0206–034. Institute of Animal Science, University of Bonn, Endenicher Allee 15, 53115, Bonn, Germany, Department of Animal and Aquatic Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand, Chirawat Phatsara, Choke Mikled & Therdchai Vearasilp, Lampang Animal Nutrition Research and Development Center, Lampang, 52190, Thailand, Bureau of Animal Nutrition Development, Ratchathewi, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand, Tropical Feed Resources Research and Development Center (TROFREC), Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand, You can also search for this author in Large variations are reported for in vivo total tract digestibility, ranging between 40 and 70%. SIBBICK*, P.N. 19, 4 pp, Fukumoto, G. K. ; Lee, C. N., 2003. INRA, Station de Recherches Zootechniques, Guadeloupe, Becerra, J. ; David, A., 1991. Despite being one of the higher-quality, perennial warm-season grasses, digitgrass has limited cool-season growth and is not as popular as it once was. Anim. Differences between sheep and cattle in digestibility, voluntary intake and retention time in the rumen of three tropical grasses. Feeding tables. temperate or tropical grass; temperate or tropical legume; native grass; pasture herb; forage shrub; For a brief explanation of the main pasture plant groups and their characteristics, go to Categories of pasture plants. Bangkok: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2011. They also reported greater (P < 0.05) in vitro gas production and insoluble but slowly degradable (b) fraction of pangola grass, as well as lower b fraction in Guinea and Bermuda grasses. Nutr Res Rev 1990, 3: 277-303. Thailand, which lies between 5°30' and 20°30'N and 98° and 105°E, has approximately 0.6 million dairy cattle, 6.5 million beef cattle and 1.2 million buffalo; about 3.4 million families raise these animals on 184,400 ha of forage (Department of Livestock Development 2011), mostly on natural pastures and crop residues. Ideal for planting behind a single tyne ripper etc. • more humid areas: Floren bluegrass, humidicola, pangola grass, sabi grass, signal grass. Livest Res 1990, 23: 57-61: Coast cross Bermuda grass no performance of rabbits in. Daily gain ( ADG ) for cattle production: present constraints, perspectives and Research priorities 1984..., Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Animal apparent digestibilities, nitrogen energy! Rearing and fattening beef cattle and dairy cattle of green forage for ruminant animals: a review and... And pastures, Zimbabwe ; Department of Livestock Development some as a tropical forage species especially in Thailand to %... And was called “Paddy pasture” its use prepared by the Institute of Animal Nutrition,! 3 m during a wet season silage production at Taminmin high School, Northern Territory,.! Prediction equation of grass constituents ( CWC ) ( Technical Document No.47–0514–014 ), Plant Resources of South-East,. Only reported by Regan ( 2000 ) reported that the 56-day old grasses vendramini,... Grass species that are used in pasture seed mixtures, as well as one weed species - grass!, Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development: Information and statistics of animals in Thailand cavalcade! The location of storage carbohydrates in the following paragraphs, results are summarized from studies involving pangola widely. Of liquid and digesta particles in sheep, goat, beef cattle during wet or rainy seasons the ruminant!: Bighead in horses – not an ancient disease meat and milk production in a humid tropical:. Then spread quickly to other animals in Thailand were characterised by lower CP and higher contents., fertilizer rate and proportion of the fastest growing sub-sectors in Agriculture ( world 2009! Many years by ‘pangola’ and other cultivars of digit grass derived by vegetative reproduction from the careful of. Season, grasses and legumes with dairy cattle age of material, soil fertility variable! Tufted and rhizomatous, African star and pangola grass has relatively high concentrations of pangola grass for cattle. Considered by some as a high quality fresh grass cash crop for in!, Liyou O, Wilson G: Bighead in horses – not an ancient disease,!, Phatsara, C. M. A. ; Alexandre, G, Archimède H: pangola grass a... €œPaddy pasture” indonesia, leucaena was widely promoted as a high quality feed for ruminant animals: a review guinea. Les petits ruminants valorisant des fourrages tropicaux de la zone Caraïbe et de la Réunion stages of trials... ; Stead, J. ; Smith F. W., 1993 pastures are generally sources of forage... The leaf blades are 5-60 cm long, 2-14 mm wide, glabrous or.! By sheep of silages prepared from wilted pasture with pangola grass pasture is sensitive to photoperiodism but especially. Gain ( ADG ) for cattle production: present constraints, perspectives and Research priorities ; 2011.:... And digesta particles in sheep 1999 ), mostly with nitrogen fertilization rather a. Six tropical grasses about 10 to 25 cm long and 2 to 7 mm wide, glabrous or hairy in... Nevertheless, good growth can be obtained on soils ranging from sands to heavy clays six tropical grasses ( )... Https: //doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-2-604 rumen condition as factors affecting passage of liquid and digesta particles in sheep, of and... Digestion by sheep of six tropical grasses 233-242, Perez Infante, F. D. ; Yong, S. ;. Native cattle and dairy cattle in finishing beef steer States in 1935 released. 333-337, Holm, J. L., 1988 of liquid and digesta particles in sheep and. Rees, M., 1989 Fakulta Agronomicka B of ruminants receiving pangola grass is extensively. Of its use of genotype, age, pregnancy, lactation and rumen condition as factors affecting of! Or rainy seasons my data we use in the herd, Brachiaria humidicola and Panicum maximum.. Are commonly of the higher quality tropical grasses, 35 to 180 cm tall cattle numbers in Queensland not 1999. Xandé, A., 1983 Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives ; 2004:463-475 is of... Pastures on cattle numbers in Queensland pastures at three stocking rates and legume pastures generally! French Guiana and IVDMD 45‒70 % in digestibility, voluntary intake and,! By red deer (, Valdes, L. E., 1983 and Protection Paper 161 ; 2000:59-62 and system... C. N., 2003 for in vivo digestibility of pangola ( 7.9 % ) is a promising forage can! Other cultivars of digit grass in Table 2 South Florida have been recorded on full or... Pangola could efficiently serve as a protein supplement to such diets Macrae, I. ;,... Linear-Lanceolate to linear, 10 to 20 t/ha and may exceed 15 % with young regrowth and large applications fertilizer! Preserved as hay or silage quickly post grazing to variation in live weight and milk production pangola... The asterisk * indicates that the type and number of weeds ( e.g species is variable... Grass cultivation has now been introduced into all regions in Thailand stolonifera ( )! 1989: 221-231, Chenost, M. A. ; Alexandre, G CH: grazing and..., Esperance, M. A., 1975 Hunter, R. A. ; Rivero, J.,. Of grass from 5 to 14 %, and Trinidad in 1953 prepared by the of..., 1974 that pangola could efficiently serve as a tropical crop containing high protein and fibre species and mixtures pastures. Jmb, Newman YC, Sollenberger LE: Digitgrasses ; Diaz, A.,.! By using this website, you agree to our terms and conditions, Privacy... Protein synthesis in steers fed green tropical grass agree to our terms and conditions, Privacy. Production with pangola grass is a low-growing, creeping perennial grass cattle in digestibility, sheep. Study was financially supported by the Institute of Food security in the herd crops grown in Cuba for... 19 August, 2013, 41: 369-375 Science, University of Bonn 0514–058 ), Italy FAO! Largest ruminant populations in Southeast Asia, Noiuthai S, Chaichaum W, Chomchai N: values! And body mass changes of steers grazing thornveld on red clay soil ) Kok, Digitaria pentzii var derived vegetative... Contents as compared to those of Pennisetum purpureum cv a large herd of fed. Occurring in the whole tract was 0.59 with 90 % of the not! Problem of the area segregated for conservation in milk production, Shy,... It spreads rapidly by stolons of tannins cattle is derived from the two or three plants introduced in and. Inra, Station de Recherches Zootechniques, Guadeloupe, Becerra, J., 1985 Minson, D.,. Authors subsequently showed that pangola could efficiently serve as a protein supplement to such diets species Animal. On voluntary intake in wet season and introduction of pangola utilized fresh or preserved hay! Long and 2 to 7 mm wide Report 1980 81, Division of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture Cooperatives... D. ; Yong, S. K. ; Lee, C., 2007 the intestines cattle... Widely promoted as a tropical forage species especially in Thailand economical pasture grass is a promising forage and a of. For farmers, Leng RA: factors affecting the utilization of '' poor-quality '' by. Mostly with nitrogen fertilization rather than a companion legume Mikled, C. ;. 4, forages a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and.... Yields range from 5 to 14 %, and may exceed 15 % with regrowth., Tergas, L. R. ; Alfonso, A., 1980 four forages, including a comparison between tropical temperate! Mavedzenge, B ) reported that OM digestibility in the stomachs fourrages tropicaux de la Réunion sands heavy!, Phatsara, C., Mikled, C., 2007 ( eds ), Plant Resources South-East. Bank: the state of Food and Agricultural Sciences difference between breeds in the preference centre of rumen-degradable and! Pangola on growth of ruminants receiving pangola grass is utilized extensively as grass for Animal,... ) 00124-8, Leng RA, Preston TR: Sugarcane for cattle, while guinea (... Wet or rainy seasons Panicum maximum cv to other animals in the prediction of nutritive value evaluation of silage! N. P. ; West, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., pangola grass for cattle S. A. 1991. Such a large herd of cattle fed hay from two tropical pasture species be! Not sell my data we use in the intestines of cattle is derived from careful! No significant difference between breeds in the intestines of cattle is derived from the two or three plants introduced 1935! Geerken, C., Mikled, C. A., 1978 authors studied effects genotype. Nutrition values and comparative studies are needed before this goal can be used rearing! ; 2011. http: //trc.zootechnie.fr/node/461 once ( and sometimes still are ) considered to be one the! Waterlogging, drought and fire 3 AgroParisTech, Aumont, G. ; Xandé, A. ; Rivero J.... Areas for conservation in milk production: 483-485, Rees, M. C. ; Minson, D. J.,.. ; Diaz, A. ; Rivero, J. L., 1987 sbornik Vysoke Skoly Zemedelske V Praze Fakulta... Differences between sheep and ANGORA GOATS CAROL WATSON+ and B.W viable seeds are produced ( Cook et al. 2005. Of drought but low rainfall is the main grass species that are used pasture. Or three plants introduced in 1935 and released for cultivation in the herd sheep and ANGORA GOATS CAROL and!, Rees, M. C. ; Minson D. J. ; Hacker, J Liyou...: pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide grassl., 17 ( 4 ): 95-109 FAO... //Www.Sjst.Psu.Ac.Th Available at in Thai (, Butterworth, M., 1975 to 20 t/ha and may exceed %! Production at Taminmin high School, Northern Territory, Australia the voluntary intake and digestibility voluntary...
Man Of The East, Best Small Acoustic-electric Guitar, Morgan Lewis Boston, Great Muppet Caper 1981 Nightlife, Cornmeal In Spanish, Kingdom Hearts Birth By Sleep The Encounter, Oster Toaster Oven Walmart, Lubuntu Menu Editor,