This species is not originally from North America, and parts of it are known to be toxic to humans and animals, so care should be exercised in planting it around children and pets. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Cushion Spurge is an herbaceous flowering perennial that grows in a dome or cushion shape and is typically used as a ground cover. The milky sap may cause irritation to skin and eyes. After flowering in spring, Cushion Spurge should be cut back to about 4". The sap of the spurge plant contains the component diterpenoids which is toxic when ingested in large doses. Some euphorbias are commercially widely available, such as poinsettias at Christmas. The green flowers are insignificant as they lack petals and sepals. In fall the leaves become red-tinged. Note this is the default cart. It prefers average, well-drained soil. After flowering in spring, Cushion Spurge should be cut back to about 4". When mature, the plant will take a mounded form and have a spread of 18 inches. It has clusters of poinsettia-like flowers, although the flower cymes are not showy, they are subtended by long-lasting, bright sulfur yellow bracts, which cover the plant and provide quite a show. It is grown in zones 4 to 8. This sap is generally poisonous and is what makes the plant deer- and rabbit-resistant. Spurge has a milky white sap when cut or damaged. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition. Remove spent flowers or cut the plants back by a third to prevent any undesired self-seeding and promote bushy growth. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Euphorbia - Spurges, A Treasured Winter Border Idea with Hellebores, Sedge and Dogwood, A Fragrant and Colorful Summer Border Idea, A Mediterranean Garden Idea with Eryngium, Helenium and Lavandula, A Low Care Border Idea for Your Rock Garden, A Striking Border Idea with Irises, Siberian Spurge & Catmint, A Long-Lasting Summer Idea for your Borders with Perennials, Bulbs & Grasses, An Eye-Catching Summer Border with Alliums, Achillea, Eryngium and Spurge, A Charming Garden Idea with Thyme, Lavender and Other Shrubs, A Brilliant and Low-Care Mediterranean Border, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A2, Typically grows up to 12-18 in. It is sometimes referred to as cushion spurge because of its compact growing. Air pollution tolerant as well. Not sure which Euphorbia - Spurges to pick? Stems bear downy, medium green leaves to 2 inches long. Leaves turn red in fall. Although the flower cymes are not showy, they are subtended by long-lasting, bright sulphur-yellow bracts which are exceptionally showy. Use caution and wear gloves when handling this plant; it is POISONOUS if eaten and the sap can be a skin and eye irritant. It can be propagated by cuttings. This is a relatively low maintenance plant, and should only be pruned after flowering to avoid removing any of the current season's flowers. This is the best Spurge for northern gardens and … Perhaps the most widely known is poinsettia. Stems exude a slightly toxic, milky sap when cut. Bonfire Cushion Spurge is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. The plant contains dieterpene esters in its sap and can cause skin irritation on exposure to the skin or symptoms if eaten. Crown of thorns ( E. milii) is a bushy evergreen form that can grow up to 6 feet tall when grown outdoors in zones 9 to 11. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Euphorbia is a very large and diverse genus of flowering plants, commonly called spurge, in the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). "Euphorbia" is sometimes used in ordinary English to collectively refer to all members of Euphorbiaceae (in deference to the type genus), not just to members of the genus. Cushion Spurge is drought tolerant. Plant database entry for Cushion Spurge (Euphorbia polychroma) with 32 images, ... Leaves are poisonous Roots are poisonous Fruit is poisonous Other: All members of the genus Euphorbia produce a milky sap called latex that is toxic and can range from a mild irritant to very poisonous. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Its attractive pointy leaves emerge yellow in spring, turning bluish-green in color throughout the season. Cymes of inconspicuous greenish flowers (lacking both sepals and petals) bloom at the stem ends in spring. It bears small flowers where the leaf joins the stem. The plant does well in sun to light shade and prefers loose, dry, light-textured, well-drained sandy to gravelly soil. Growing in an attractive dome (or cushion), it bears dense, flattened golden-yellow flowers in spring, and is one of the few perennials to display a showy fall foliage. Mounded perennial has beautiful burgundy summer foliage that contrasts with yellow and chartreuse flowers, brilliant red fall color; adapts to varied soils, deer tend to stay away from it; milky sap can be a skin irritant to humans N.C. Central & South Eastern Europe to NW. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. It is often used as a 'filler' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination, providing a mass of flowers and foliage against which the … This species is not originally from North America, and parts of it are known to be toxic to humans and animals, so care should be exercised in planting it around children and pets. Perhaps the most widely known is poinsettia. Cushion spurge (Euphorbia polychroma) is a clumping perennial growing 12 to 18 inches high with yellow flowers that appear in spring. The Colorado State University Guide to Poisonous Plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be harmful to animals. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. Spurge poisoning: Spurge is a plant which has purplish discoloration along the stem and in a spot near the base of the leaves. Growing in an attractive dome (or cushion), it bears dense, flattened golden-yellow flowers in spring, and is one of the few perennials to display a showy fall foliage. Euphorbia lathyris, the caper spurge or paper spurge, is a species of spurge native to southern Europe (Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal), northwest Africa, and eastward through southwest Asia to western China.. Other names occasionally used include gopher spurge, gopher plant or mole plant. You should space the plantings 14 to 20 inches apart. Afternoon shade is beneficial during southern summers, but too much shade can cause the plant to become leggy and lose the cushion shape it is known for. EUPHORBIA POLYCHROMA Cushion Spurge - Short 14" - Plant 12" apart. It is grown in zones 4 to 8. Use caution and wear gloves when handling this plant; it is POISONOUS if eaten and the sap can be a skin and eye irritant. Description: Euphorbia epithymoides (cushion spurge), is a mounding, clump-forming perennial which typically grows in a dome (or cushion) shape to 12-18" tall and as wide on erect, sturdy stems bearing oblong, downy, medium green leaves (to 2" long). Excellent for edging, in the rock garden, or … The milky sap is toxic to skin and eyes so be sure to wear gloves and eye protection when handling this plant. All parts of the plant produce the sap making the entire plant toxic if ingested, no matter the part. The plant self-seeds, so dead-heading spent flowers is recommended. Plants sprawl and are best when tumbling over a low stone wall. robbiae (Wood Spurge), Tulipa 'Spring Green' (Viridiflora Tulip), An Eye-Catching Border Idea with colorful Allium and Euphorbia, An Exquisite Spring Border Idea with Sawara Cypress, Tulips and Muscari, An Exquisite Border Idea with Tulip 'Spring Green' and Cushion Spurge, Native Plant Alternatives to Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress Spurge), Great Companion Plants for your Siberian Irises, Great Companion Plants for your Creeping Phlox, Companion Plants for your Japanese Maples, Want Garden Inspiration? habits. To use the website as intended please  All parts of the plant are highly toxic if ingested. Photos: Botanik Foto, Gap Photos/ Pernilla Bergdahl/ Clive Nichols, Missouri Botanical Garden. If sited correctly, the leaves will turn red in the fall. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: No … Leaves turn red in fall. Synonymous with Euphorbia epithymoides. Stems exude a toxic, milky sap when cut. Cushion Spurge gets its name from its cushion-like, perfectly dome-shaped habit. In late spring, the pale green leaves are topped with chrome-yellow bracts that shine brightly in the garden. Zone 3-8 Forms a … Join now and start creating your dream garden! Euphorbia characias subsp. The sap also makes spurges poisonous, so be aware if you have children and pets, Zones: Perennial euphorbias vary in hardiness, particularly as concerns their northern edges, so check individual entries for the plants covered here. The plant self-seeds, so dead-heading spent flowers is recommended. Bonfire Cushion Spurge is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. However, they are surrounded by showy i-inch yellow bracts from April to June in terminal clusters. Cushion Spurge (Euphorbia Polychroma) - Starting Euphorbia seeds is a great way to grow this popular perennials that's commonly called Cushion Spurge. How to Germinate Sunflower Seeds in a Coffee Filter. Spurge (euphorbia polychroma) is a perennial with brilliant yellow flowers, which are actually bracts. It blooms so long that we enjoy its bright chrome yellow flowers for weeks. This is the best Spurge for northern gardens and … Propagates by seed, cuttings, division or separation. The foliage of medium green leaves turns to a showy red, purple or orange in fall, providing a long season of interest. The sap is an irritant to humans as well, so wear gloves when you are handling spurge as it can cause a skin rash. Cushion Spurge is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. Cushion Spurge, Euphorbia Polychroma, is a mounding, clump-forming perennial which typically grows in a dome shape. Although the flower cymes are not showy, they are subtended by long-lasting, bright sulphur-yellow bracts which are exceptionally showy. Notable for its... Euphorbia amygdaloides var. Cushion Spurge is an herbaceous perennial with a mounded form. Oblong leaves are stemless and display good fall colors. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Stems exude a toxic, milky sap when cut. This will keep the plant more compact and prevent it from splitting in the center. In late spring, the pale green leaves are topped with chrome-yellow bracts that shine brightly in the garden. This will keep the plant more compact and prevent it from splitting in the center. The foliage retains some color during the wintertime, so the plant can be considered a "winter interest" specimen in areas that don't receive much snowfall (where there is heavy snow, these low-level plants may be buried for much of the winter). form a strategic partnership called N.C. The Poisonous Plant Guide is constructed to enable location of a plant by either knowing the common or botanical name of the plant. The fruit is not Trim after flowering as plants self-seed readily. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Dramatic addition to any garden! Cushion Spurge is drought tolerant. Not sure which Euphorbia - Spurges to pick?Compare All Euphorbia - Spurges, Buy Euphorbia polychroma (Cushion Spurge), Great Plant Combination Ideas with Euphorbia - Spurges. Milky plant sap can irritate skin or open wounds and may cause nausea or vomiting if other parts of the plant are eaten. tall and wide (30-45 cm), Remaining attractive during all its growing season, this remarkable plant is. Glowing in the last hours of the day, the small... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Divide in spring. Cymes of inconspicuous greenish flowers (lacking both sepals and petals) bloom at the stem ends in spring. Outstanding for its display of bright golden-yellow flowers, over a perfect cushion of light green leaves. Only plants will be removed from the collection. Self-seeds freely if not deadheaded. If sited correctly, the leaves will turn red in the fall. niciciana (Siberian Spurge), Euphorbia amygdaloides var. Cushion Spurge or Euphorbia polychroma is one of my favorite spring perennials. Spurges (Euphorbiaceae)--Besides gopher spurge, other types of euphorbia are poisonous. Synonymous with Euphorbia epithymoides. Thrives in dry, well drained poor soils in full sun and becomes a cushion of green foliage topped by unusual yellowish green bracts. To get technical, the flowers are actually bracts or modified leaves, which is why they last so long. It prefers average, well-drained soil. Euphorbia Polychroma Cushion Spurge gives visual interest through the seasons with leaves turning from yellow to bright green to red as the seasons change from spring to summer to fall. The Chrome or Cushion Spurge is a popular perennial for spring display, especially nice to use alongside tulips and other spring-flowering bulbs. Turkey and Libya. The plant’s common name comes from its cushion-like, dome-shaped growth habit. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to wulfenii (Mediterranean Spurge), Euphorbia seguieriana subsp. Cushion Spurge is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. Spurge poisoning: Introduction. Sunflowers (Helianthus spp.) to skin and poisonous Ornamental Features Cushion Spurge has masses of beautiful cymes of yellow flowers with yellow bracts at the ends of the stems from mid to late spring, which are most effective when planted in groupings. Produces exceptionally eye-catching clusters of... A great structural plant! In spring the insignificant flowers are surrounded by showy 1-inch yellow bracts and appear in terminal clusters. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Long-lived and incredibly showy, Euphorbia Polychroma, commonly called Cushion Spurge, is a mounding, clump-forming perennial considered one of the best for borders. can add ornamental value to a garden or home. Its erect, sturdy stems bear cymes of inconspicuous greenish flowers in mid spring. Martin's Spurge : Cushion Spurge: Spurge: Also sold as: Helena: General Plant Information ; Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade: ... All members of the genus Euphorbia produce a milky sap called latex that is toxic and can range from a mild irritant to very poisonous. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Sap is toxic to animals. Doesn't like to be disturbed. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. In small doses, it may not affect your horse or he may develop only mild symptoms of upset. Cushion spurge related species: Euphorbia Myrsinites, or the donkeytail spurge, has bright yellow bracts in early spring and bluish-gray leaves on 10-inch stems that turn pink in the summer. Although the flowers are not showy, they are subtended by long-lasting, bright sulphur-yellow bracts which are exceptionally eye-catching. This exquisite garden border would make your neighbors... Long-lasting, drought tolerant and easy care! Purple wood spurge is an evergreen perennial favored for its purple-tinged, dark green leaves. Long-lived and incredibly showy, Euphorbia Polychroma, commonly called Cushion Spurge, is a mounding, clump-forming perennial considered one of the best for borders. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. It can be propagated by cuttings. The milky sap is toxic to skin and eyes so be sure to wear gloves and eye protection when handling this plant. Cushion Spurge gets its name from its cushion-like, perfectly dome-shaped habit. Accept Create splendid winter combinations like this one. Also, avoid getting the sap in your eyes; it can cause vision problems, even blindness. It is often used as a 'filler' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination, providing a mass of flowers and foliage against which the thriller plants stand out. Create additional collections, you can read about them here and prefers loose dry! 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