12--41 a.d., Roman emperor (37--41), noted for his cruelty and tyranny; assassinated. Oderint dum metuant definition is - let them hate, so long as they fear. He was particularly fond of Drusilla, claiming to treat her as he would his own wife, even though Drusilla had a husband. [23][26] Tacitus writes that Macro smothered Tiberius with a pillow to hasten Caligula's accession, much to the joy of the Roman people,[26] while Suetonius writes that Caligula may have carried out the killing, though this is not recorded by any other ancient historian. Translation for 'Caligula' in the free Dutch-English dictionary and many other English translations. [12][13], The adolescent Caligula was then sent to live with his great-grandmother (and Tiberius's mother), Livia. [10] In 30, his brother Drusus was imprisoned on charges of treason and his brother Nero died in exile from either starvation or suicide. [137], All surviving sources, except Pliny the Elder, characterize Caligula as insane. According to Wilkinson, Caligula's use of precious metals to mint coins throughout his principate indicates that the treasury most likely never fell into bankruptcy. [3] Gaius had two older brothers, Nero and Drusus,[3] as well as three younger sisters, Agrippina the Younger, Julia Drusilla and Julia Livilla. [103], Philo of Alexandria and Seneca the Younger, contemporaries of Caligula, describe him as an insane emperor who was self-absorbed, short-tempered, killed on a whim, and indulged in too much spending and sex. [87] It is said that he wished to be worshipped as Neos Helios, the "New Sun". He aided those who lost property in fires, abolished certain taxes, and gave out prizes to the public at gymnastic events. Untouched by the deadly intrigues, Caligula accepted an invitation in 31 to join the emperor on the island of Capri, where Tiberius had withdrawn five years earlier. When he arrived at the age of manhood he endured fatigue tolerably well. Little is written on the first two years of Caligula's reign. The ships were among the largest vessels in the ancient world. A baby name that sounds like Caligula is Calígula. Although he was named after Gaius Julius Caesar, he acquired the nickname "Caligula" (meaning "little [soldier's] boot") from his father's soldiers during their campaign in Germania. [80], When several client kings came to Rome to pay their respects to him and argued about their nobility of descent, he allegedly cried out the Homeric line:[81] "Let there be one lord, one king. IMP. [65] The ships burned in 1944 after an attack in the Second World War; almost nothing remains of their hulls, though many archaeological treasures remain intact in the museum at Lake Nemi and in the Museo Nazionale Romano (Palazzo Massimo) at Rome. One coin of Caligula (AD 37–41), and two coins of Nero (AD 54–68). P. III, P. P., COS. DES. [21][22] Caligula was briefly married to Junia Claudilla in 33, though she died in childbirth the following year. The conquest of Britannia was later achieved during the reign of his successor, Claudius. In Roman political culture, insanity and sexual perversity were often presented hand-in-hand with poor government. [57] He planned to dig a canal through the Isthmus of Corinth in Greece and sent a chief centurion to survey the work. en Even unsuccessful villany finds some to emulate it: what will happen, if it flourish and be strong? The Germanic guard, stricken with grief and rage, responded with a rampaging attack on the assassins, conspirators, innocent senators and bystanders alike. 12–41 ad, Roman emperor (37–41), noted for his cruelty and tyranny; assassinated. Caligula's father Germanicus, the nephew and adopted son of Emperor Tiberius, was a very successful general and one of Rome's most beloved public figures. Caligula phrase. [46][49] Wills that left items to Tiberius were reinterpreted to leave the items instead to Caligula. Caligula and his sisters were accused of having incestuous relationships. [79] "Seashells", or conchae in Latin, may be a metaphor for something else such as female genitalia (perhaps the troops visited brothels) or boats (perhaps they captured several small British boats). And the man, whom we dare not offend when he holds only quaestor's rank, are we to see him rise to the dignities of praetor and consul? The play was later the subject of numerous revisions. Please feel free to read what others say about this name and to share your comments if you have more information.. N.B. There are few surviving sources about the reign of Caligula, though he is described as a noble and moderate emperor during the first six months of his rule. Although the Julio-Claudian dynasty continued to rule the empire until the fall of his nephew Nero in 68, Caligula's death marked the official end of the Julii Caesares in the male line. [95] Caligula responded by removing Flaccus from his position and executing him. [85] The Temple of Castor and Pollux on the forum was linked directly to the imperial residence on the Palatine and dedicated to Caligula. Fabius Rusticus was a friend of Seneca who was known for historical embellishment and misrepresentation. [44], According to Cassius Dio, a financial crisis emerged in 39. It is an ‘International Day’ established by the United Nations to recognize and promote the contribution made by volunteers and voluntary organizations to the wellbeing of people across the globe. Caligula { noun } Caligula (film) Caligula (film) Caligula (play) Caligula (Camus) Roman Emperor Caligula had a horse called Incitatus which means fast. [40], In 38, Caligula focused his attention on political and public reform. [50] According to Suetonius, in the first year of Caligula's reign he squandered 2.7 billion sesterces that Tiberius had amassed. - NERO CAESAR. RCC. The cause of tensions in the east was complicated, involving the spread of Greek culture, Roman Law and the rights of Jews in the empire. Gaius Caligula synonyms, Gaius Caligula pronunciation, Gaius Caligula translation, English dictionary definition of Gaius Caligula. [6] He was soon given an affectionate nickname, Caligula, meaning "little (soldier's) boot" in Latin, after the small boots (caligae) he wore. "[82] In 40, Caligula began implementing very controversial policies that introduced religion into his political role. A baby name that sounds like Caligula is Calígula. [57], In 39, Caligula performed a spectacular stunt by ordering a temporary floating bridge to be built using ships as pontoons, stretching for over two miles from the resort of Baiae to the neighbouring port of Puteoli. A few of the contemporaneous historians are known by name. is a song from the 2001, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 13:22. On 22 January 41 (Suetonius gives the date as 24 January), Cassius Chaerea and other guardsmen accosted Caligula as he addressed an acting troupe of young men beneath the palace, during a series of games and dramatics being held for the Divine Augustus. Fabius Rusticus and Cluvius Rufus both wrote condemning histories on Caligula that are now lost. [124] By the time Caligula's loyal Germanic guard responded, the Emperor was already dead. [147] Caligula reportedly talked to the full moon:[69] Epilepsy was long associated with the moon. His favourite sister, Julia Drusilla, died in 38 of a fever: his other two sisters, Livilla and Agrippina the Younger, were exiled. [120] Caligula would mock Chaerea with names like "Priapus" and "Venus".[121]. Caligula's origin is Latin, and its use, English. We have almost 200 lists of words from topics as varied as types of butterflies, jackets, currencies, vegetables and knots! [74], There seems to have been a northern campaign to Britannia that was aborted. According to legend, during his military actions in Britannia Caligula grew addicted to a steady diet of European sea eels, which led to their Latin name being Coluber caligulensis. [67] He replaced the consul and had several senators put to death. All rights reserved. Mauretania was a client kingdom of Rome ruled by Ptolemy of Mauretania. To gain funds, Caligula asked the public to lend the state money. Alexander Thomson. [43], During the same year, though, Caligula was criticized for executing people without full trials and for forcing the Praetorian prefect, Macro, to commit suicide. POT. Kaligula { noun masculine } Caligula (film) Kaligula (film) Especially the one in the rollers who looks like Caligula. Although Tiberius was 77 and on his death bed, some ancient historians still conjecture that he was murdered. [104] He is accused of sleeping with other men's wives and bragging about it,[105] killing for mere amusement,[106] deliberately wasting money on his bridge, causing starvation,[107] and wanting a statue of himself in the Temple of Jerusalem for his worship. ad 12-41. [101] In this context, Philo wrote that Caligula "regarded the Jews with most especial suspicion, as if they were the only persons who cherished wishes opposed to his". [99] In response, Caligula ordered the erection of a statue of himself in the Jewish Temple of Jerusalem,[100] a demand in conflict with Jewish monotheism. All the latest wordy news, linguistic insights, offers and competitions every month. See also the related categories, english and latin. "[10][17], Caligula claimed to have planned to kill Tiberius with a dagger to avenge his mother and brother: however, having brought the weapon into Tiberius's bedroom he did not kill the Emperor but instead threw the dagger down on the floor. He had his father-in-law Marcus Junius Silanus and his brother-in-law Marcus Lepidus executed as well. Pearn, "Epilepsy and Drowning in Childhood,". He hated being the grandson of Agrippa and slandered Augustus by repeating a falsehood that his mother was actually conceived as the result of an incestuous relationship between Augustus and his daughter Julia the Elder. [57] He had new roads built and pushed to keep roads in good condition. J. Eugene Reed. Despite financial difficulties, Caligula embarked on a number of construction projects during his reign. [70] A conspiracy involving his brother-in-law was foiled in late 39. What is the meaning of Caligula? When Germanicus died at Antioch in 19, Agrippina returned with her six children to Rome, where she became entangled in a bitter feud with Tiberius. [15], In 31, Caligula was remanded to the personal care of Tiberius on Capri, where he lived for six years. Translations in context of "caligula" in English-Italian from Reverso Context: Looked like a fourth grade production of caligula back there. [41], Perhaps most significantly, he restored the practice of democratic elections. Our box office staff will be happy to tell you from which seats you will have a good sight-line to the surtitles. Caligula name numerology is 3 and here you can learn how to pronounce Caligula, Caligula origin and similar names to Caligula name. [88], Caligula's religious policy was a departure from that of his predecessors. Only two sources contemporary with Caligula have survived – the works of Philo and Seneca. [115] Eventually, officers within the Praetorian Guard led by Cassius Chaerea succeeded in murdering the emperor. Last 50 years He published the accounts of public funds, which had not been made public during the reign of Tiberius. In a now lost portion of his Annals, Tacitus gave a detailed history of Caligula. IMP. Additionally, given Caligula's unpopularity among the surviving sources, it is difficult to separate fact from fiction. Our new online dictionaries for schools provide a safe and appropriate environment for children. [67] He ordered a new set of investigations and trials. III, COS. III. Caligula Übersetzung, Englisch - Portugiesisch Wörterbuch, Siehe auch 'calculate',calculated',calculator',calcium', biespiele, konjugation The conspirators' attempt to use the opportunity to restore the Roman Republic was thwarted, however. [31] Suetonius said that over 160,000 animals were sacrificed during three months of public rejoicing to usher in the new reign. Cassius Dio wrote an entire chapter on the annexation of Mauretania by Caligula, but it is now lost. Some were for the public good, though others were for himself. (kəˈlɪɡjʊlə ) noun. [13][14] Suetonius writes that after the banishment of his mother and brothers, Caligula and his sisters were nothing more than prisoners of Tiberius under the close watch of soldiers. Copyright © 2010 by Definition of caligula in the Definitions.net dictionary. [129] They were unable to reach Caligula's uncle, Claudius. Suetonius: The Lives of the Twelve Caesars; An English Translation, Augmented with the Biographies of Contemporary Statesmen, Orators, Poets, and Other Associates. M., TR. Caligula was the popular nickname of Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (31 August AD 12 – 24 January AD 41), Roman emperor (AD 37–41). Caligula name meaning available! According to Cassius Dio, living emperors could be worshipped as divine in the east and dead emperors could be worshipped as divine in Rome. However, it is not known whether they are speaking figuratively or literally. He was crazy both in body and mind, being subject, when a boy, to the falling sickness. Caligula's father Germanicus, the nephew and adopted son of Emperor Tiberius, was a very successful general and one of Rome's most beloved public figures. Freebase (4.33 / 3 votes) Rate this definition: Caligula. In Rome, another statue of himself, of colossal size, was made of gilt brass for the purpose. [148], Suetonius described Caligula as sickly-looking, skinny and pale: "he was tall, very pale, ill-shaped, his neck and legs very slender, his eyes and temples hollow, his brows broad and knit, his hair thin, and the crown of the head bald. [46], Historians describe a number of Caligula's other desperate measures. Caligula , formally known as Gaius (Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus), was the third Roman emperor, ruling from AD 37 to 41. [154], Quadrans celebrating the abolition of a tax in AD 38 by Caligula. He allowed new members into the equestrian and senatorial orders. "Daily life in the Roman City". On 17 January 2011, police in Nemi, Italy, announced that they believed they had discovered the site of Caligula's burial, after arresting a thief caught smuggling a statue which they believed to be of the emperor. [73] This confusion might mean that Caligula decided to divide the province, but the division was postponed because of the rebellion. Caligula, by French author Albert Camus, is a play in which Caligula returns after deserting the palace for three days and three nights following the death of his beloved sister, Drusilla. [102] Agrippa finally convinced Caligula to reverse the order. [34], Caligula's first acts were said to be generous in spirit, though many were political in nature. [75] Caligula's move seemingly had a strictly personal political motive – fear and jealousy of his cousin Ptolemy – and thus the expansion may not have been prompted by pressing military or economic needs. [42] Cassius Dio said that this act "though delighting the rabble, grieved the sensible, who stopped to reflect, that if the offices should fall once more into the hands of the many ... many disasters would result". Power to 'bring the impossible into the equestrian and senatorial orders Chaerea derogatory.! Roman gold coins excavated in Pudukottai, India, examples of Indo-Roman trade during the reign of Tiberius Capri! By name we regularly present performances of `` Caligula '', CW 66 ( 1973 ), for... [ 33 ] Philo describes the first known equestrian governor of the Empire. Linguistic insights, offers and competitions every month legendarily cruel third Roman emperor recognizing danger, all... 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