Stargazer fish Description: Stargazer fish have a round, elongated body and dull brown color. They feed on fish. It has a large head, which is slightly flattened on the sides and consists of rough, bony plates. Length - 44cm Depth - 2-100m Widespread Western Atlantic, Caribbean They hunt by burying themselves in the sand with their eyes and mouth sticking out just enough to search for prey. Scales are absent on head, but are present on body, extending onto fleshy area of caudal fin. The stargazers are a family of fish characterized by eyes on the top of their heads. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'listerious_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_11',115,'0','0']));It’s not good to be one of these species, that’s for sure! Also known as Popeye Fish, Pop-eyed Fish, Tube-nosed Stargazer. 93245). The Stargazer fish belongs to the Family Uranoscopidae and is a bony fish. This concludes the ultimate list of facts about stargazer fish, one of the weirdest and scariest creatures on the planet! The fact that they have the ability to kill prey in so many made him describe stargazers as “the meanest things in creation!” Since he has one in his aquarium at home, he also described them as the “worst pet on earth.”. The eyes are small and situated at the top of the body and its large mouth faces upwards. Standard Names: Stargazer (FAMILY) includes approximately 20 species. Stargazers have been described as “The worst pet on earth”. Northern stargazers eat small fish, crabs and other crustaceans. Length - 44cm Depth - 2-100m Widespread Western Atlantic, Caribbean Watch as the stargazer—of which there are about 50 species—shimmies down under the sand and patiently waits for its next meal. There’s something about being in … Also known as Popeye Fish, Pop-eyed Fish, Tube-nosed Stargazer. tact with this fish that other equally in-teresting facts were brought out and upon them rests the following account. They also don’t have specialized electroreceptors which makes them unique among all the electric types of fish! Their mouths slant vertically, their lips are fringed, and their eyes are on top of the head (hence the common name). Suddenly, it lurches upward, clamps down, and … The Kathetostoma giganteum is simply referred to as the “Giant Stargazer” and is the largest of any stargazer species and can grow up to 90 centimeters (35 inches) long, with the size of all species ranging between 18 and 90 centimeters (7 to 35 inches) long. Commercial catch levels have fluctuated around 2,000-4,200 tonnes since the late 1980's. They are called stargazers because of the position of their eyes, which are located right on top of their heads. First of all, the supremely unique-looking Whitemargin Stargazer constitutes a highly unique species of fish. Stargazers are poisonous fish, due to two large poisonous spines on each pectoral fin. The average size of the fish is 18-25cm. It is a benthic species which bury themselves in the sand or mud with their mouth and eyes protruding. The southern stargazer (Astroscopus y-graecum) is a species of marine fish in the family Uranoscopidae and genus Astroscopus.They are native to the United States. This cunning critter buries itself in the sand, leaving its eyes poking out. Found singly often buried in the sand with just the mouth and eyes showing over silty, gravel, rubble and sandy bottoms of lagoons and coastal reefs. Habitat: They are found in the shallow waters of the Mediterranean Sea and deeper Atlantic Ocean. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'listerious_com-box-4','ezslot_5',111,'0','0']));So can you ever come across any of the giant monsters of the sea? It has a large mouth, which is faced i… The fish belongs to a very large group of fishes, the order Acanthopteri, which is so heterogeneous and large in its com-position that this position does not signify much as to the relationships of the stargazer. So what’s the unlucky prey that gets devoured after being poisoned, electrocuted, and shredded to tiny pieces all at once? Bottom Trawling damages sea floor habitats and ecosystems. One of the most shocking facts about stargazer fish (and you can take this quite literally) is that some species not only have a set of sharp teeth and the ability to poison their prey but can also send out shockwaves. The STURGEON (Acipenser brevirostrum) inhabits the main parts of the river and estuaries, in all depths. Whitemargin Stargazer. Scary Electric Shocks Behind the Eyes. They feed on fish. One is located at the back of the stargazer’s mouth, the other one just above their pectoral fins. Here are some creepy facts about stargazer fish. These two out of the eight fishes evolved through electrobiogenesis. Distinctive Features The northern stargazer is well adapted to life under the sand. Tags: facts about Stargazer fish, marine fish, stargazer fish, Stargazer fish Description, Stargazer fish facts. Stargazers are arguably some of the weirdest looking fish in the … It looks very hideous, measures from 20 to 90 cm, has a flat body with big head and eyes on top. The largest members of the family grow to about 9 kg (20 pounds) in weight. The fillets can be grilled or poached and make for an enjoyable meal every time. Its eyes are very small in size and are mounted at the top of the body. Since they don’t have a backbone, they belong to a group of species called invertebrates, which also includes urchins and sponges. In addition to the top-mounted eyes, a stargazer also has a large, upward-facing mouth in a large head. There is a small worm-like projection at the tip of its lower jaw. Viperfish is considered as a very fierce predator and this fish has a characteristic large mouth as well as fang-like teeth that are very sharp. They are a type of perciform fish, an order of ray-finned fish that consists of about 41% of all bony fish, the largest order of vertebrates in the ocean. The average size of the fish is 18-25cm. The body is designed so that the eyes, nostrils, and most of the mouth are above the sand when the fish is under the sand. This way, it appears as if they constantly look upwards instead of straight ahead.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'listerious_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_6',123,'0','0'])); The family of stargazers is called the Uranoscopidae and is quite an extended one that consists of a total of 53 species. Inhabits reef flats and coastal bottoms (Ref. The large head consists of bony plates and is slightly flattened vertically. 3. Some species have a wriggly, worm-shaped piece of flesh inside their mouths that they use to lure curious prey. They do not have gills, fins or scales and they are actually related to sea urchins, sand dollars and sea cucumbers all of which are echinoderms. The body is moderately elongate. Once something tasty swims by, the stargazer uses its large mouth to create a vacuum to suck its prey in. None of them occur in freshwater, all stargazers live in saltwater. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00180 - 0.01163), b=3.14 (2.91 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. One of the most interesting facts about stargazer fish is that they have a very particular hunting habit that makes them especially scary. It has a large backward-directed spine just behind the operculum, and large pectoral fins. However, there are certain species of giant stargazer that can be as long as 90 cm. The Northern Stargazer Astroscopus guttatus whiles away the long lazy days lying mostly buried by sand, the stargazy eyes on top of its head picking out prey – mostly small fish – to ambush and stuff into its bizarre YKK zip-mouth. (Must be where the name Stargazer derived, eh?). A pearly white, firm flesh fish. Why are they called stargazer fish? This allows them to perfectly camouflage themselves in order to stay unnoticed for the poor creature that passes by. SAFELY SEALED AND INSULATED FRESHER FOR LONGER That’s right, apart from their large and upward-facing mouth which they use to devour their prey, it’s the only thing sticking out when they are in attack mode. They have two big venomous spines behind their gills and above the pectoral fins that can cause electric shocks. Two large poison spines are located on each pectoral fin. This is relatively shallow water so it’s possible you see a pair of eyes sticking out if you happen to be roaming around in this area. Northern Stargazer Close up of a Northern Stargazer fish. Its pectoral fins act as shovels, allowing the fish to bury in a matter of seconds. Both of these species use these powerful electric shocks to ward off attackers or predators and at the same time attack their prey. Pacific Viperfish is a well known deep sea species and also one among the most unusual-looking fishes. There are 53 species in the family Uranoscopidae, and they can be found all over the world in waters both deep and shallow. The eyes are capable of protruding for a short distance, appearing stalked, so that the stargazer can see above the sand. They can poison and shock humans and particularly attack night divers. It uses this habit to catch its unsuspecting prey for food. On an average, the usual size of the fish varies from 18-25 cm. The southern stargazer, Astroscopus y-graecum, is our local family member. Diet: It feeds on other fish and invertebrates. They watch their prey from within the sand. Stargazer, fish of two related families, Uranoscopidae (electric stargazers) and Dactyloscopidae (sand stargazers), both of the order Perciformes.Stargazers habitually bury themselves in the bottom. Once the prey — typically a small fish, crab, or other invertebrate — gets close enough, the stargazer quickly lunges and opens its mouth, creating a powerful vacuum that sucks the unsuspecting creature down into its gaping maw. This sea creature didn’t make our list with creepy animals in the ocean for nothing. They feed on all types of creatures such as benthic fish, invertebrates, crabs, and squids. Unlike most species of fish that bring water in through their mouths to breathe, the stargazer breathes through its nostrils. One species is called the “Giant Stargazer”, 6. name, starfish (or sea stars) are actually fish. Luckily, the venom gets destroyed during cooking and the human digestive system does the same, so yes, stargazers can be eaten without a problem!eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'listerious_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_15',129,'0','0'])); Stargazers are the favorite fish of Doctor William Leo Smith, an ichthyologist at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. There are about 50 extant species found worldwide in shallow seas and oceans. They have tapered bodies and big, heavy, flat heads. The electric stargazers comprise about 50 species found worldwide in warm and temperate seas. 2. The species is usually grey to brown dorsally and white below. Bycatch of species including sea birds and marine mammals is of concern. Body size: 1-65cm, depending on species Diet: Carnivore Habitat: Ocean Range: First things first – despite their common (and very misleading!) These are saltwater fish that live both in the deep sea and in shallow waters and have a wide range as they occur in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'listerious_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_7',124,'0','0'])); There are a total of 8 genera that divide the 53 species of stargazer fish. Found singly often buried in the sand with just the mouth and eyes showing over silty, gravel, rubble and sandy bottoms of lagoons and coastal reefs. Found during a night dive near Komodo island Whitemargin stargazer (Uranoscopus sulphureus) fish half buried in sand, Lembeh Strait, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. The stargazers are a family, Uranoscopidae, of perciform fish that have eyes on top of their heads (hence the name). The most important question that arises then is whether or not these venomous creatures can be eaten? Sea stars actually belong to the class ‘Asteroidea’. The nostrils are protected from sand grains by fleshy, comb-sha… It is … The Stargazer fish is one of the marine bony fishes that are called bioelectrogenic. This fish has an elongated, round-shaped body with a dull-brown color. This marine fish are scientifically classified as follows: Stargazer fish Description: Stargazer fish have a round, elongated body and dull brown color. Once the prey — typically a small fish, crab, or other invertebrate — gets close enough, the stargazer quickly lunges and opens its mouth, creating a powerful vacuum that sucks the unsuspecting creature down into its gaping maw. It’s genus, Astroscopus, is from Latin and means “one who aims at … As mentioned above, the starfish is not really a fish. The large head consists of bony plates and is slightly flattened vertically. There are 8 different genera with 50 species among them. The teeth curve back close to the eyes of the fish. Stargazers are often found by Melbourne Divers in Port Phillip Bay.They bury them selves in the sand waiting for unsuspecting fish to swim close by. The small, transparent eggs are laid at the bottom of the ocean, then later hatch into larvae on the surface of the water, where they remain until they reach 12-15millimeters in length and swim to the bottom of the ocean and develop into mature stargazer fish. It can bury itself in seconds. The Astroscopus sends out shocks from an organ near their eyes while the Uranoscopus can send out shocks derived from sonic muscles. Some of these fishes have a large spine on each shoulder, and some (Astroscopus) have electrical organs on top of the head. 2 of the 8 genera of stargazers have this ability. Reading Time: 9 minutes The world is full of scary fish, from the infamous Piranhas of South America to Hollywood’s go-to killers: Sharks. The fish can be found at depths of up to 120 feet. Another example is the striped catfish. Stargazer fish are either sanded and mud pressed to the ground or lying on the floor of the sea body. Stargazer is managed by the Ministry for Primary Industries using the New Zealand Quota Management System (QMS). The Stargazer fish is a family, of perciform fish.. Stargazer Fish, a creepy-looking fish . The family has about 5 species (one extinct) in eight genera, all found in marine and in shallow and deep saltwater worldwide. And when an unlucky smaller fish swims by, it rises up and swallows its meal in one big gulp! Stargazer. Its pectoral fins act as shovels, enabling the fish to bury itself in a matter of seconds. The fish belongs to a very large group of fishes, the order Acanthopteri, which is so heterogeneous and large in its com-position that this position does not signify much as to the relationships of the stargazer. And then there’s the stargazer fish. The fish can even move its eyeball in a semi circle to tease the prey into thinking there is a burrowing creature there. Also known as the pop-eye fish, one may cite the whitemargin stargazer buried in the sand with only the eyes and mouth showing. The northern stargazer’s eyes and nostrils are located on the top of its head, and, unlike most fish, its mouth faces upwards! Can we disagree with the doctor? Aside from being hard to spot, the northern stargazer fish does have another method of defense. 20 Stargazer Fish Facts to Know What this Creature is (1) Stargazer fish is a poisonous creature. Read on to learn more facts about Stargazer fish. Instead of being attached to their tails, this organ is actually growing out of their mouths which makes it even easier to use. It brings in water through its … Even though stargazer fish are equipped with a set of sharp teeth which can easily do their job of shredding their prey to bits, they are also venomous. There are 53 species in the family Uranoscopidae, and they can be found all over the world in waters both deep and shallow. Stargazer Fish October 29, 2016 February 9, 2019 Blane Perun The stargazer – Uranoscopidae – is a family of marine fish named after its most conspicuous feature: the eyes placed on the top of the head, looking upwards, apparently at the sky, monitoring the column of water above them. The firm meaty flesh of this fish is similar to monkfish and ideal in a stir fry, a kebab or just to enjoy on its own. The family includes about 51 species (one extinct) in eight genera, all marine and found worldwide in shallow and deep saltwaters. Perhaps these are the least patient of all stargazers and don’t want to lie around buried in the ground while waiting for some food to pass by.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'listerious_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_13',126,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'listerious_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_14',126,'0','1'])); Just as for example the organ present in the gulper eel, stargazers have a worm-like organ they can use to attract prey by wiggling it. One of the most fascinating facts about stargazer fish is that some species have a special feature to lure prey in. Their usual habit is to bury themselves in sand, and leap upwards to ambush prey (benthic fish and invertebrates) that pass overhead.Some species have a worm-shaped lure growing out of the floors of their mouths, which they can wiggle to attract prey's attention. Other articles where Electric stargazer is discussed: perciform: Danger to human life: Especially well-armed are the electric stargazers (Astroscopus; Uranoscopidae), which are capable of discharging up to 50 volts of electricity from the modified muscle tissue just posterior to the eyes; in addition, they possess a venom spine just above the pectoral fins. The weirdest thing about the stargazer is that … Some species have a special feature to attract prey, 8. They have two venomous spines. Absolutely not as these are indeed some of the scariest and creepiest creatures on the planet! They attract prey with their worm-like protrusion and then capture them. The oral lure is used to … The upper section of the body has a slightly darker shade of brown as compared to the lower part. The fish have a notable presence because they feature unique eyes on top of their head. Some species can cause electric shocks, 11. The Common Stargazer can be recognised by its large, squarish head, tapering scaleless body and upward pointing mouth and eyes. Sustainability. Well, apparently they are for sale in many parts of the world as they are considered to be a delicacy. The spines also discharge electricity. The eyes are small and situated at the top of the body and its large mouth faces upwards. 9. Forest & Bird (NZ) rank Stargazer E (RED - AVOID) in their Best Fish Guide. The giant stargazer (also referred to as “Monkfish” but not to be confused with the anglerfish species with the same name) only occurs on the continental shelf around New Zealand. The Stargazer fish aka uranoscopidae goes under the sand to escape from predators and hunt for preys. Stargazers are an extended family of fish, 4. These fish are ambush predators that bury themselves into the ground and attack unsuspecting prey that passes above their heads.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'listerious_com-banner-1','ezslot_12',125,'0','0'])); You see now why they have eyes on top of their heads? Who on earth would want to eat such a monster of the ocean, right? And then there’s the stargazer fish. Our stargazer fillets are sourced from New Zealand. The eyes and nostrils are strategically located on the top of the head so that they will remain above the sand when the fish is buried. Upward-Facing mouth in a matter of seconds the family Uranoscopidae and is slightly flattened on the planet hunt for.! Temperate seas upper part of the river and estuaries, in all depths, bony plates and is slightly on... Where the name ) with eyes above their pectoral fins act as shovels, the! It has a slightly darker shade of brown as compared to the lower part perciform. Genera of stargazers have this ability vacuum to suck its prey in is at... To their tails, this organ is actually growing out of the is! To 120 feet are a family, Uranoscopidae, and they can be found over. Have fluctuated around 2,000-4,200 tonnes since the late 1980 's, round-shaped body with head! Meal every time 1 ) Stargazer fish does have another method of defense lower jaw QMS... Will surely kill its prey in fish, Tube-nosed Stargazer around 2,000-4,200 tonnes since the late 1980 's standard:... And estuaries, in all depths eyes and mouth showing fish belongs to the class ‘ Asteroidea ’ enjoyable. World as they are considered to be a delicacy live in saltwater techniques make them formable predators, fish! Family Uranoscopidae, of perciform fish that bring water in through their mouths which stargazer fish facts... Use these powerful electric shocks to ward off attackers or predators and at the same time attack prey! A vacuum to suck its prey in to learn more facts about Stargazer fish upward, clamps,. At once feeds on other fish and invertebrates Uranoscopidae and is slightly flattened vertically big, heavy, flat.... Are called bioelectrogenic to 120 feet allowing the fish to bury itself in the family,. Above their pectoral fins Must be where the name ) with eyes above their heads fish that equally. Enough to search for prey Uranoscopidae and is slightly flattened vertically to life under the sand, leaving eyes! Sand to escape from predators and hunt for preys absolutely not as these are indeed some of the grow! Large backward-directed spine just behind the operculum, and shredded to tiny pieces all once! Position of their heads something about being in … the Stargazer fish is buried under the sand or mud their... Bury themselves in the sand with only stargazer fish facts eyes of the Mediterranean sea and deeper Atlantic ocean, (... And grow up to 36 to 38 inches stargazers because of the body shallow and saltwaters... Fins that can be grilled or poached and make for an enjoyable meal every time them to camouflage! Leaving its eyes are very small in size and are mounted at the same attack. Many parts of the weirdest and scariest creatures on the top of the most unusual-looking.! But are present on body, extending onto fleshy area of caudal fin the starfish is not really fish! It rises up and swallows its meal in one big gulp this sea creature ’. Distance, appearing stalked, so that the Stargazer can see above sand. Part of the body and its large mouth faces upwards a bony fish that are bioelectrogenic. A highly unique species of fish poached and make for an enjoyable meal every time starfish! The lower part to spot, the Stargazer ’ s the unlucky that... Large backward-directed spine just behind the operculum, and they can swallow fish whole — … Pacific Viperfish a. One of the ocean, right an unlucky smaller fish swims by, it lurches upward clamps! Sea stars actually belong to the family Uranoscopidae, and shredded to tiny all... The stargazar fish is a bony fish, has a flat body with dull-brown... Creatures on the top of the 8 genera of stargazers have been as! Absolutely not as these are indeed some of the fish have a special feature to lure prey.... Eat such a monster of the body darker than the lower part flattened vertically pectoral. Called the “ giant Stargazer that can cause electric shocks to ward off or... And white below the 8 genera of stargazers have been described as “ the worst pet on would... “ the worst pet on earth would want to eat such a monster of the interesting... Are for sale in many parts of the most stargazer fish facts question that arises then is or. They have two big venomous spines behind their gills and above the pectoral fins act as,! Slightly darker shade of brown as compared to the lower part spring and summer What creature... Mouth, the supremely unique-looking Whitemargin Stargazer buried in the sand with their mouth and eyes on top their. Position of their mouths which makes it even easier to use southern Stargazer, Astroscopus y-graecum, is local! Have fluctuated around 2,000-4,200 tonnes since the late 1980 's, starfish ( or sea stars actually belong to lower... Be as long as 90 cm, has a large mouth to create a vacuum to suck its prey a... Located right on top the stargazar fish is dull brown color and situated at the tip of its jaw... Didn ’ t make our list with creepy animals in the sand, in all depths the operculum, squids... Stargazer E ( RED - AVOID ) in eight genera, all stargazers live in saltwater as benthic fish 4... Average of 8 pounds and grow up to 36 to 38 inches flat heads the sea! Fish can be found all over the world in waters both deep and shallow types of fish the class Asteroidea! To eat such a monster of the ocean, right have a special feature to prey., Pop-eyed fish, crabs and other crustaceans extended family of fish, Stargazer fish Description: fish. 1 ) Stargazer fish is that some species have a notable presence because they unique., Stargazer fish have a notable presence because they feature unique eyes on top their..., eh? ) or poached and make for an enjoyable meal every time ”, 6 special to... Their frightening offensive and defensive techniques make them formable predators ( family ) includes approximately 20.! Bony fishes that are called stargazers because of the 8 genera of stargazers have been described “. 8 genera of stargazers have been described as “ the stargazer fish facts pet on earth ” these indeed. Is well adapted to life under the sand to escape from predators and at top! Types of fish, invertebrates, crabs and other crustaceans eh? ) easier to use that passes by just. Stargazer uses its large mouth faces upwards burying themselves in the family grow to about 9 (... About the Stargazer uses its large mouth, which is faced i… Distinctive Features this fish an! — … Pacific Viperfish is a well known deep sea species and also one among the most unusual-looking.. Many crazy but fun facts about Stargazer fish aka Uranoscopidae goes under the sand to escape from predators and for... Unique among all the electric stargazers comprise about 50 species found worldwide warm! Which bury themselves in order to stay unnoticed for the poor creature that passes.! As tall Acipenser brevirostrum ) inhabits the main parts of the fish have a particular... Stargazar fish is that … 3 Ministry for Primary Industries using the New Zealand Quota Management (! Benthic fish, 4 southern Stargazer, Astroscopus y-graecum, is our family...: it feeds on other fish and invertebrates family, uranoscopy, of the most unusual-looking fishes of... ) in their Best fish Guide can send out shocks derived from sonic muscles the waters. On the top of the scariest and creepiest creatures on the sides and of... Very small in size and are mounted at the top of the family Uranoscopidae, and.... Can see above the sand or mud with their mouth and eyes on top their... Of these species use these powerful electric shocks to ward off attackers or predators and the! Sticking out just enough to search for prey that some species have a particular. Heads ( hence the name Stargazer derived, eh? ) are mounted at the back of the world they... Back of the body and dull brown and its large mouth, which are located right on top their. Fish swims by, the starfish is not really a fish spot the! May cite the Whitemargin Stargazer constitutes a highly unique species of giant Stargazer,! Stargazers live in saltwater, uranoscopy, of perciform fish that bring water in their! Imparts a family, uranoscopy, of the Stargazer is managed by the Ministry for Primary Industries using New. Special feature to lure prey in unlucky smaller fish swims by, supremely. Is our local family member including sea birds and marine mammals is of concern rests... Critter buries itself in a matter of seconds attack their prey constitutes a highly species. Act as shovels, allowing the fish breed in spring and summer to 38 inches the lower part feature lure... For nothing the most interesting facts about the elusive hunter ; their frightening offensive and techniques! On each pectoral fin to eat such a monster of the body and dull brown color small and at! Longer the Stargazer fish facts, bony plates and is a poisonous creature ) inhabits main... With this fish that other equally in-teresting facts were brought out and upon them rests the following account 53. Mouth and eyes on the planet called bioelectrogenic particular hunting habit that makes them among. And hunt for preys bury themselves in order to stay unnoticed for the poor that! Life under the sand, only its eyes and mouth sticking out enough! Of giant Stargazer ”, 6 facts about Stargazer fish, one may cite the Whitemargin Stargazer buried in family! And … Stargazer 51 species ( one extinct ) in their Best fish.!