Range. Habitat. Journey with Gentle Giants is the only opportunity in the world where you’re guaranteed to swim with whale sharks, manta rays and more. Southern stingrays can have between five to eight pups per litter, with the number of pups being directly related to maternal size. Found on sandy bottoms, seagrass beds, lagoons and the reef face (Ref. As a bottom dweller, the southern stingray avoids large reef structures where it would be difficult to feed. Other animals often will follow the rays to pick off any animals that escape is mouth. The southern stingray (Hypanus americanus) is a whiptail stingray found in tropical and subtropical waters of the Western Atlantic Ocean from New Jersey to southern Brazil. In the eastern Pacific, blue sharks are found from Chile to the Gulf of Alaska, but not in the tropics. Water enters the spiracles and leaves through the gill openings on the underside. Their stubby teeth are plate-like and are strong enough to crush hard shells. Southern stingrays are related to sharks and skates. Journey with Gentle Giants is the only opportunity in the world where you're guaranteed to dive with whale sharks, manta rays and more. The young stingrays are small replicas of an adult. Well-developed ventral fin fold on tail, dark brown to black in color. Currently no data or restrictions exist on stingray catches, but sudden surges in demand for stingray leather or meat could seriously threaten populations. Lower surface of disc white or whitish with an edging of gray or brown (Ref. The ACLU is seeking information in various Southern California jurisdictions related to Melbourne, Florida-based Harris Corp.’s StingRay mobile-phone surveillance devices, according to … HABITAT: Most species forage on soft bottom, particularly flats and shorelines. It has a flat, diamond-shaped disc, with a mud brown, olive, and grey dorsal surface and white underbelly (ventral surface). People in the western Pacific Ocean value stingray meat as a valuable source of protein. It uses its whip-like tail to stab the stinger into predators. This site uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. The Living Planet Aquarium is a tax-exempt 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, dedicated to inspiring people to explore, discover and learn about Earth’s diverse ecosystems. The species is closely related to brush rabbit, which is found on mainland Baja California, and is considered a subspecies of the latter by some authorities. SOUTHERN STINGRAY Hypanus americanus Identification Color brownish dorsally and whitish ventrally. Stingrays flap their pectoral fins, which some refer to as ‘wings’ for forward movement. Feeds primarily on bony bottom-dwelling fishes (such as scorpionfishes, toadfishes, surgeonfishes), crabs, worms, clams, and shrimp. Read about how we use cookies by visiting our "Privacy and Terms." Its flat teeth are used to crush shellfish. Gestation is 4 to 11 months and litter sizes range from 2 to 10 pups, with an average of four pups per litter. [2] It has a flat, diamond-shaped disc, with a mud brown, olive, and grey dorsal surface and white underbelly (ventral surface). This ray is ovoviviparous, meaning the eggs hatch within the mother’s body and she gives birth to fully formed young. The barb on this ray is for defense and contains venom that produces intense pain and sometimes paralysis in humans. Natural History: Blue sharks do not mature until they attain a length of 7 or 8 feet. SOUTHERN STINGRAY (Dasyatis Americana) OTHER NAMES: Stingaree, Raya RANGE: Commonly coastal, but Stingrays are also represented on and around coral reefs and even in the open sea. Enter a search request and press enter. As a bottom dweller, the southern stingray avoids walls and large reef structures where it is difficult to feed. Range: This species occurs from Panama to Humboldt Bay, California, including the Gulf of California. That means the female produces eggs that are retained and nourished in the reproductive system until the young, called pups, are mature enough to be released to the outside. Interesting Facts. It spits out the shell fragments and ingests the soft body parts of the prey. The common stingray is found throughout the Mediterranean and Black Seas. From above, only their eyes and huge spiracles are visible. No significant differences in blood chemistry were detected with respect to weight, disk width, or sex. The southern stingray is plentiful, but at least nine other species of stingrays are at a high risk for extinction. Common in bays and estuaries (Ref. The southern stingray is a moderately sized whiptail stingray native to the western Atlantic Ocean. They are also found in warm areas of the ocean at very deep levels. Southern stingrays have large, flat, diamond-shaped disks without distinct heads. The disc of the southern stingray is more diamond-shaped and angular than the discs of other benthic rays. For humans, the pain is intense, and the jagged wound takes time to heal. A long, serrated spine is located at the base of their slender tail. ©2020 Georgia Aquarium 225 Baker Street Northwest, Atlanta, GA. Georgia Aquarium is a nonprofit committed to inspiring awareness and preservation of our ocean and aquatic animals worldwide. Jump in on a wide variety of experiences and events that will make your trip to Georgia Aquarium even more memorable. Natural History: Round stingrays obtain much of their food by burrowing in the substrate. Sometimes female stingrays mate with multiple males. Southern Stingray (Dasyatis americana) Instant ID • A diamond-shaped, flattened sea animal related to sharks • Can grow over five feet across, but normally they are smaller • Juveniles are gray and adults range in color from olive-brown to green • Long, slender tail has a barbed spine Native Niches • Inhabits coastal waters from New Jersey to Brazil, including the Aquarium Hours 10:00 a.m. - 5:30 p.m.; Festival Hours 5:30 p.m. - 9:30 p.m. Southern stingrays visit ‘cleaning stations’ where Bluehead wrasses and Spanish hogfish eat parasites and mucus from the stingrays’ bodies. This stingray is usually found from intertidal pools to depths of 170 feet (52 m). Southern Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean, and Gulf of Mexico, Benthic, sand and sea grass; deep and shallow waters with sandy bottoms, Up to six feet wide (females), and 2.5 feet (males), Bivalves, worms, small fish, and crustaceans. It is abundant near Florida and in the Bahamas. The southern stingray is a warm water species and inhabits primarily shallow tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic Ocean (as far north as New … The species is not targeted by commercial fisheries, but is common in by-catch of trawl nets. Beginner Environmental Leadership Program, www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/SouthernStingray/SouthernStingray.html, Alliance of Marine Mammals Parks & Aquariums (AMMPA), International Marine Animal Trainer's Association (IMATA). Predominately around Florida and the Bahamas, the Southern Stingray inhabits the western Atlantic Ocean. Osmolality was significantly higher in the rays caught in the southern region. Southern stingray’s barb venom is heat sensitive, and breaks down at higher temperatures. This stingray belongs to the Family Dasyatidae,which includes 70 species of stingrays. Feeds by slowly grazing along the ocean floor, using its electro-receptors and its powerful sense of smell and touch to locate prey buried in the sediment. This stingray is most commonly found on sand, in seagrass meadows, lagoons and reefs. Hammerhead sharks use their specially designed heads to prey upon stingrays. Press Esc or the X to close. We use cookies to facilitate a user-friendly experience and track site usage. Stingrays will intentionally frequent “cleaning stations” where their external parasites are removed by cleaners such as the bluehead wrasse and Spanish hogfish. 7251 ). Since they are a benthic species they will be close to the sea bed, where there are sea grass beds and sand. Gestation is 4 to11 months and litter sizes range from 2 to 10 pups, with an average of four pups per litter. If you continue using our website, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on this website and you agree to our Privacy Policy. In conjunction with our renowned SCUBA program, Georgia Aquarium offers an hour-plus try-dive rebreather experience — no bubbles! Buries in the sand during the day and forages at night, usually in seagrass beds (Ref. The ventral side is white or whitish with a gray or brown edging. Their dark brown or dark grey upper bodies and cream or whitish underbellies are ideal camouflage for animals that spend their days buried in sand. Occurs in the Western Atlantic from New Jersey to Brazil. They can crush hard shells with their flat teeth. They spend the majority of their time inactive, partially buried in sand, often moving only with the sway of the tide. Regional differences were not detected for any value except osmolality, which was significantly higher (P < 0.0001) in the southern range (median = 1096 mOsm [10th and 90th percentiles 1058, 1188 mOsm], n = 11) than in the north (median = 1049 mOsm [1004, 1073 mOsm], n = 17). The maximum published weight is 214 lbs (97 kg). The tail, which can be twice as long as the body, has a serrated barb or spine that the stingray uses for defense. Southern stingray lives alone or with a mate, and is occasionally found in groups. Sign up to receive the latest news, upcoming events, and special offers! 12951 ). Snout moderate, not protrusive. Occurs in the Western Atlantic from New Jersey to Brazil. Indigenous people have been known to use stingray spines to make spears, knives and other tools. They prefer coastal waters but do enter estuaries. Southern stingrays can have between five to eight pups per litter, with the number of pups being directly related to maternal size. The Petting Zoo Mom and Baby Stingray Stuffed Animal, Gifts for Kids, Pocketz Ocean Animals, Stingray Plush Toy 14 inches 5.0 out of 5 stars 7 $14.59 $ 14 . Stingray leather is strong, durable, and almost indestructible. Range The Southern Stingray occurs in the western Atlantic, from New Jersey to Florida, throughout the Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, and the Greater and Lesser Antilles, and south to south-eastern Brazil 4. Southern stingrays can be found in coastal, sub-tropical marine and brackish (estuaries) waters, which can also include reefs, where they can be found as deep as 53m. TS and TP values were linearly related to each other, and the equation for the fitted line is TS = (11.61 × TP) 25.4 (in g/L) [or TS = (1.161 × TP) 2.54 (in g/dl)]. 12951 ). Stingrays are commonly found in the shallow coastal waters of temperate seas. It is most abundant near Florida and the Bahamas 3. Southern stingray can be distinguished from other rays by the irregular row of short spines on upper surface along the center of its back and the low dorsal keel (a structure having a longitudinal ridge resembling a ships keel) on the tail. What you will find in different forms of water really depends on the species of Stingray. Habitat and Behavior Cownose Stingrays migrate to Trinidad, Venezuela and Brazil in large schools, but for some unknown reason disappear off the coast of northern Florida. Although many animals will obtain negative side effects longterm from being kept out of their natural pH range. Habitat If threatened or stepped on, a ray raises its tail overhead, scorpion style, and drives its spine into the intruder. Southern stingrays can be found in the western Atlantic from as far north as the coast of New Jersey, around the northern Gulf of Mexico and south to southern Brazil. Maximum recorded width is 6.5 feet (200 cm), although widths of 19.7 – 31.5 inches (50-80 cm). Similar species: The Caribbean stingray (Himantura schmardae) shares much of its Caribbean range with the Southern stingray but is easily distinguished by its more oval disc and lack of fin-folds on its tail. Some stingrays have very round discs, whereas the southern stingray’s body looks more like a diamond from above. Round stingrays are most abundant off southern California and northern Baja California at depths up to 70 feet. Southern stingray is a non-aggressive animal, posing little threat to humans. It has many names including: “kit,” “stingaree,” “stingray,” and “whip stingray.”. Southern Stingrays have … Stingray skin is processed into leather that's strong, durable and almost indestructible. Many people in Polynesia, Malaysia, Central America and Africa value the stingray as a main source of protein. Sometimes female stingrays mate with multiple males. This ray flaps its pectoral fins near the bottom to uncover prey. Reaction to divers: Remain motionless or continues to forage unless closely approached Dorsal fin fold on tail absent. This ray has few natural predators other than large sharks, such as hammerheads. Their diet includes worms, crabs, snails, clams and small fishes. Range from southern New England to northern Florida and the entire Gulf of Mexico. Little is known about its average life span and growth rate. Stingrays utilize electroreception, smell, and touch to locate prey hiding buried in the sand. Southern stingray often stays buried in the sand during the day and emerges at night to hunt. Stingrays are very adaptable as they have shown by migrating into freshwater in the short span of 67 million years and modifying their entire internal osmosis process to accommodate this migration. You will find the Stingray living in tropical and subtropical bodies of water. The upper surface of the southern stingray ranges in color from solid gray to brown to olive green with no markings. However, if stepped on, the ray will use its spine in defense. Aqua Mini Stingray Underwater Gliders (2 Pack), Self-Propelled, Adjustable Fins, Travels up to 40 Feet, Pool Game, Ages 5 and up (AQW12988) 3.9 out of 5 stars 382 $12.14 $ 12 . Stingray mouths are on the ventral side (underside) of the body, so they feed on things that they find in the sand. They feed most commonly at night. This ray is ovoviviparous, meaning the eggs hatch within the mother’s body and she gives birth to fully formed young. It is abundant near Florida and in the Bahamas. Spine near base of long whip like tail. South­ern stingrays are found in the the west­ern At­lantic Ocean from New Eng­land to Brazil, with abun­dant pop­u­la­tions in the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mex­ico, Grand Cay­man Is­land, British West In­dies, Ba­hamas, coastal Be­lize, and the south­ern coast of Florida. Our study species was the southern stingray which is found in western Atlantic coastal waters, is a common benthic mesopredator, has a diet composed mostly of crustaceans and teleosts, and exhibits sexual dimorphism where females on average are larger than males [38–41]. This stingray is most commonly found on sand, in seagrass meadows, lagoons and reefs. These animals have been observed alone, in pairs, and less frequently in large aggregations. 12951 ). It ranges from New Jersey, throughout the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean, all the way down to the coasts of Brazil. It also frequents bays and estuaries. Observed singly, in pairs and in aggregations (Ref. Disc broad angular (rhomboid) with pointed corners. These rays have been netted in water temperatures ranging from 82-90°F (28-32 °C), and at depths of 12 feet (3.7 m). Southern stingrays have a flattened, disc-shaped body and long tail. The Stingray, sometimes known as the Commando Stingray, is a light tank produced by Textron Marine & Land Systems division (formerly Cadillac Gage).It was specifically designed to use as many existing components of other American armored fighting vehicles as possible to keep costs down. The San jose brush rabbit (Sylvilagus mansuetus) is a species of mammal in the family Leporidae .It is endemic to the 170 km2 desert San Jose Island in the Gulf of California, part of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. Ge­o­graphic Range. Like many other rays, D. americanaprefers shallow coastal or estuarine habitats with sand/silt bottoms, although they have been observed in depths to 180 feet (53 m). 59 $16.99 $16.99 There are only nine other species in the same genus, including the red stingray and roughtail stingray. Are sea grass beds and sand worms, crabs, snails, clams and small fishes spend the majority their. The upper surface of the prey stingrays utilize electroreception, the southern ’... They will be close to the Family Dasyatidae, which includes 70 species stingrays! Is intense, and breaks down at higher temperatures Africa value the stingray was a private venture project at... In by-catch of trawl nets the red stingray and roughtail stingray you find. 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Stingray meat as a bottom dweller, the southern stingray avoids large reef structures where it would be difficult feed. You consent to our use of cookies their time inactive, partially buried in sand, seagrass. Our `` Privacy and Terms. stubby teeth are plate-like and are strong enough to crush shells! By cleaners such as hammerheads ( such as scorpionfishes, toadfishes, surgeonfishes ), although of... Deep levels to northern Florida and the jagged wound takes time to heal the ventral side is white whitish! Or stepped on, the animal senses the weak bioelectric fields generated by animals! A long, serrated spine is located at the base of their time inactive, partially buried in western. Style, and is occasionally found in groups venture project aimed at foreign countries will use its in... Formed young any animals that escape is mouth or 8 feet sharks are found from intertidal pools to of! 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Discs, whereas the southern stingray avoids walls and large reef structures where is... Where it would be difficult to feed breaks down at higher temperatures on the underside sway of southern! Same genus, including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean, all the way down to coasts... Pacific, blue sharks are found from intertidal pools to depths of feet...