Females lay 15-17 eggs in underground cavities during the late summer or early fall. With a larger body and mouth comes a more diverse diet. Some animals may depend a great deal upon the seasonal abundance of salamander eggs. Diet. They diet on various insects, bugs, mollusks, squids, worms, larvae and eggs of other amphibian species, as well as small reptiles. A medium to large, terrestrial salamander about 4-6.5 inches long. ), and small waxworms (Galleria mellonella). Habitat: Heavy forested areas, open shale-covered embankments and hillsides adjacent to dense forest. Individuals typically have numerous white, yellow, or brassy spots on the back, tail, and sides. Trauth., and T. McKay. Diet: Slimy salamanders feed primarily at night and consume a wide variety of invertebrates. Hatching will occur from August through December, depending on environmental factors. OTHER NAMES:  At least one representative found in every county. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. Reproduction: Slimy salamanders lay their eggs on land under logs or in underground cavities. All salamanders are carnivores. As juveniles they will eat brine shrimp and freeze-dried worms. White-spotted slimy salamanders produce copious amounts of slime which often gum up a predator's mouth, giving the salamander … Territories are often established in and around burrows and root tunnels. ... Plethodon mississippi Mississippi slimy salamander Plethodon neomexicanus Jemez Mountains salamander Plethodon nettingi Cheat Mountain salamander Habitat: Beneath cover, including trash, in bottomland hardwood forests. Breeding information: White-spotted Slimy Salamanders breed terrestrially during the spring and summer. Animal Biology 59: 201-209. Since they are relatively slow animals, they generally prey on slow-moving, soft-bodied creatures such as earthworms, slugs and snails. To feed a salamander, choose live bugs and invertebrates and feed them every few days. The burrows serve as a refuge from desiccation during summer months, protection from predation, an area to forage, and as brooding sites. DESCRIPTION:  Notophthalmus viridescens louisianensis. Southern Appalachian Salamander usually has fewer and smaller white spots on back and sides. Adults will often forage at the mouth of the burrow by ambushing prey that passes by. ), small redworms (Lumbriculus spp. The background is jet black with dense to … Members of Plethodon primarily eat small invertebrates. 2009). Webster's Salamander - Plethodon websteri *The colored areas of the map above represent parishes with currently known records for the given species (Source: Jeff Boundy, LA Dept. Large salamanders such as the tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) and the spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum) live healthily in captivity, but they need a damp substrate to burrow in to prevent their … Individuals of this species will use a number of cover objects including rotting logs, fallen branches, rocks, leaf litter, and in rock crevices. Feeding them is a pretty simple task once you figure out how salamanders eat. Lannoo, M. 2005. Diet: A variety of invertebrates, especially insects. Northern Slimy Salamanders are reported from caves in DeKalb, Jackson, and Marshall counties, Alabama, and Monroe County, Illinois (Peck, 1974). Life History: Slimy salamanders are late spring-time breeders, much like many … Formerly considered a single species, Plethodon glutinosus, these very similar species now known to be genetically distinct. Slimy salamanders require wet or moist areas for breeding purposes. Highton, R., Maha, G. C. & Maxson, L. R. 1989. Central Newt. 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