[129] On 31 December 1929, the flag of India was unfurled in Lahore. Name : MohanDas Karamchand Gandhi Popular Name : Mahatma, which means a great soul Date of Birth : 2nd October, 1869. Mahatma Gandhi said, ‘Today, I have to say good-bye to my companion of 40 years. [93][94] In contrast to the Zulu War of 1906 and the outbreak of World War I in 1914, when he recruited volunteers for the Ambulance Corps, this time Gandhi attempted to recruit combatants. He was arrested and imprisoned at the Yerwada Jail, Pune. [358], In his autobiography, Gandhi wrote that he believed every Hindu child must learn Sanskrit because its historic and spiritual texts are in that language. Gandhi's birthday, 2 October, is commemorated in India as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Nonviolence. DOWNLOAD BIOGRAPHY'S MAHATMA GANDHI FACT CARD. Thus, satya (truth) in Gandhi's philosophy is "God". [11] As many displaced Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs made their way to their new lands, religious violence broke out, especially in the Punjab and Bengal. [328] In his own life however, according to Suruchi Thapar-Bjorkert, Gandhi's relationship with his wife were at odds with some of these values. [291] According to the historian M. Naeem Qureshi, like the then Indian Muslim leaders who had combined religion and politics, Gandhi too imported his religion into his political strategy during the Khilafat movement. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was a Hindu thinker, lawyer, and politician, born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India. At no time did they offer any resistance. Still, the protests against the Salt Acts elevated Gandhi into a transcendent figure around the world. [319], Beyond his religious beliefs, Gandhi stated another motivation for his experiments with diet. [388] The Indian government later withdrew the revised edition. Mahatma Gandhi Quotes On Love, Peace, Faith, Nonviolence, and more. Satyanā Prayogo Athavā ātmakathā = The Story of My Experiments with Truth, Mahatma Gandhi The Story of My Experiments with Truth is the autobiography of Mohandas K. Gandhi, covering his life from early childhood through to 1921. The British did not respond favourably to Gandhi's proposal. They fought and died as a part of the Allied forces in Europe, North Africa and various fronts of the World War II. [248] According to Indira Carr, Gandhi's ideas on ahimsa and satyagraha were founded on the philosophical foundations of Advaita Vedanta. The Government of India awarded the annual Gandhi Peace Prize to distinguished social workers, world leaders and citizens. The violent act took the life of a pacifist who spent his life preaching nonviolence. He was killed by a fanatic in 1948. The 1995 Marathi play Gandhi Virudh Gandhi explored the relationship between Gandhi and his son Harilal. According to Margaret Chatterjee, Gandhi as a Vaishnava Hindu shared values such as humility, devotion and brotherhood for the poor that is also found in Sufism. [105][106] Muslim leaders and delegates abandoned Gandhi and his Congress. [103][107][108][109], The increasing Muslim support for Gandhi, after he championed the Caliph's cause, temporarily stopped the Hindu-Muslim communal violence. [260], While Gandhi's idea of satyagraha as a political means attracted a widespread following among Indians, the support was not universal. Story highlights. He began his sentence on 18 March 1922. “My ambition is no less than to convert the British people through non-violence and thus make them see the wrong they have done to India,” he wrote days before the march to the British viceroy, Lord Irwin. Gandhi's death helped marshal support for the new government and legitimise the Congress Party's control, leveraged by the massive outpouring of Hindu expressions of grief for a man who had inspired them for decades. [281][282], Gandhi had generally positive and empathetic views of Islam, and he extensively studied the Quran. We strive for accuracy and fairness. He told the British people in 1940, "I would like you to lay down the arms you have as being useless for saving you or humanity. A military is unnecessary, because any aggressor can be thrown out using the method of non-violent non-co-operation. [219], Additional theories of possible influences on Gandhi have been proposed. [101] The British government, instead of self government, had offered minor reforms instead, disappointing Gandhi. Gandhi would sleep with both Manu and Abha at the same time. 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