In this, too, he proved a success and became well known as an eloquent speaker. The general and dictator Julius Caesar helped to build ancient Rome into a mighty empire. Without Caesar’s daughter and his financial and political backer tying him to Pompey, the latter aligned himself with the Optimate faction in Rome which he had long favored. As for the lost Anticato, a reply to Cicero’s eulogy of Caesar’s dead opponent Marcus Porcius Cato, it is a testimony to Caesar’s political insight that he made the time to write it, in spite of the overwhelming military, administrative, and legislative demands on him. Mark Antony later allied himself with Cleopatra VII of Egypt following the victory and, Octavian thought, presented a substantial threat to Rome. Following their deaths, Octavian ordered Cleopatra’s son, Caesarion, murdered. It was rumoured that during his first visit to the East he had had homosexual relations with King Nicomedes of Bithynia. He was awarded a consulship by the senate. This would mean Caesar could be prosecuted for his actions when he was consul. He prepared his seven books on the Gallic War for publication in 51 bce when he still had serious revolts in Gaul on his hands, and he wrote his books on the civil war and his Anticato in the hectic years between 49 and 44 bce. Julius Caesarby Georges Jansoone (CC BY-NC-SA). Related Content If he did in fact have an affair with Pompey’s wife, Mucia, he was risking his entente with Pompey. There is no doubt of Caesar’s heterosexual affairs, many of them with married women. Caesar’s description of Britain at the time of his invasions is the first coherent account extant. He is remembered as being the leader and dictator of Rome during its most prosperous reign and Empire. After Octavian consolidated his power as the first emperor of Rome, he had Caesar deified and, as his adopted heir, proclaimed himself a son of god and took the name Augustus Caesar, Emperor. It should be understood that the Optimate and the Populare were not political parties in conflict with each other but, rather, political ideologies which many people shifted toward and from, regardless of class in society. A superb general and politician, Julius Caesar (c.100 BC – 44 BC / Reigned 46 – 44 BC) changed the course of Roman history. As a priest not only had to be of patrician stock, but married to a patrician, Caesar broke off his engagement to a plebian girl and married the patrician, Cornelia, daughter of a high profile and influential member of the Populares, Lucius Cinna. News of Caesar’s great victory reached Egypt before him, however, and the Egyptians, believing that the gods favored Caesar over Pompey, had Pompey killed as he stepped on shore. The accounts are written in the form of terse, dry, factual reports that look impersonal and objective, yet every recorded fact has been carefully selected and presented. Definition by Joshua J. His accounts of his wars are subtly contrived to make the unsuspecting reader see Caesar’s acts in the light that Caesar chooses. Pompey was now the sole military and political power in Rome and had the senate declare Caesar’s governorship of Gaul terminated and, further, ordered him to return to Rome as a private citizen. This cool-headed man of genius with an erratic vein of sexual exuberance undoubtedly changed the course of history at the western end of the Old World. In time, the former allies went to war and met in final battle. Julius Caesar is one of the most important figures in the history of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire. In ancient Roman times, it was a crowded lower-class area that was also notorious as a pleasure district. Caesar’s physical vitality perhaps partly accounts for his sexual promiscuity, which was out of the ordinary, even by contemporary Greek and Roman standards. In 60 BC, Caesar… bce, Rome [Italy]—died March 15, 44 bce, Rome), celebrated Roman general and statesman, the conqueror of Gaul (58–50 bce), victor in the civil war of 49–45 bce, and dictator (46–44 bce), who was launching a series of political and social reforms when he was assassinated by a group of nobles in the Senate House on the Ides of March. Julius Caesar (100—44 BCE) changed Rome forever. Caesar was stabbed twenty three times and died at the base of Pompey’s statue. Further, Caesar was deeply in debt, both financially and politically, to Crassus, and needed to raise both money and his prestige. As a priest not only had to be of patrician stock, but married to a patrician, Caesar broke off his engagement to a plebian girl and married the patrician, Cornelia, daughter of a high profile and influential … "Julius Caesar." Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. https://taylorandjustinnhd.weebly.com/rome-during-caesars-rule.html Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, 100? At this time, Pharnaces, son of Mithridates, fomented rebellion in the east and Caesar rose to crush it. In this, as in his time as a soldier, Caesar was successful and, when Sulla died, he decided to return to Rome and try his luck as an orator (a modern-day lawyer). For instance, in the winter of 57–56 bce he found time to visit his third province, Illyria, as well as Cisalpine Gaul; and in the interval between his campaigns of 55 and 54 bce he transacted public business in Cisalpine Gaul and went to Illyria to settle accounts with the Pirustae, a turbulent tribe in what is now Albania. Julius Caesar was born in Subura, Rome in the year 100 BC. On March 15, 44 BCE, Caesar was assassinated by the senators in the portico of the basilica of Pompey the Great. He is said to have repeatedly told them that, upon his release, he would hunt them down and have them crucified for the affront to his family and personal dignity and this threat the pirates understood as a joke. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Caesar was targeted and fled Rome but his sentence was lifted through the intercession of his mother’s family. Julius Caesar was born in Rome, on either the 12 or 13 of July in 100 B.C. If he had not done this when he did it, Rome and the Greco-Roman world might have succumbed, before the beginning of the Christian era, to barbarian invaders in the West and to the Parthian Empire in the East. Martyr continued to be gained through conquest, Caesar claimed he was held captive by them Caesar. And twice invaded Britain ( Rome ’ s description of Britain at the battle went... 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