mi). Rainfall is fairly evenly spread throughout the year, though the west is wetter than the east. It takes up just under two thirds of the island of Great Britain, the rest comprising Scotland and. The physical geography of the UK varies greatly. The coastline here is similar to the North Sea coast in that it is mainly flat and sandy, with the only notable cliffs along this stretch of coast being at St Bees Head in Cumbria. Most of its largest lakes lie within the aptly named Lake District in Cumbria, Northern England. This, in turn, has created a lush land of greenery and blooms. England - General Trivia Questions & Answers : England This category is for questions and answers related to England - General, as asked by users of FunTrivia.com.. Uplands in the north include the Pennines, an upland chain dividing east and west, the Lake District, containing the highest mountains in the country, the Cheviot Hills across the Anglo-Scottish border, and the North York Moors near the North Sea. The English section of the Irish Sea coast ends at the border with Scotland in the Solway Firth. To the west, the Irish Sea separates England from Ireland and the Isle of Man; to the east, the North Sea separates England from Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium and to the south, the English Channel separates England from France and the Channel Islands. England is in a unique and controversial position of being a political entity within the UK and as of 2015 having no self-governance. Geography of Vancouver, British Columbia. Freya’s Uncle Bob has been all over the UK to England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. England is a relatively wet country due to its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. Geography and Fun Facts About Great Britain. The southern colonies are bordered by the Appalachian Mountains on the west and all of the colonies, with the exception of Pennsylvania, … The English Irish Sea coast hosts two important geographic areas, Morecambe Bay, a large bay, and the Furness and Walney Island areas. We look at facts about the UK and we see how Britain is a modern country with a rich heritage. The UK is made up of: Great Britain (the formerly separate realms of England and Scotland, and the principality of Wales. ) According to the ONS urban area populations for continuous built-up areas, these are the 15 largest conurbations (population figures from the 2001 census): The largest cities in England are as follows (in alphabetical order): England is generally lower and flatter than the rest of the UK, but has two main divisions in its form – the lowland areas of the south, east, and midlands and the more rugged and upland areas of the north and west. The geology of England is recognisable in the landscape of its counties, for instance Cumbria, Kent and Norfolk all have very distinct and very different looks from each other. Geography of Sendai, Japan. In addition, recent large numbers of immigrants have introduced several new languages to England. Of the total land area of England, urban development makes up about 21%, crops and fallow land about 30%, grasses and grazing area 36%, other agricultural land 5% and forests about 8%. View in classroom. In this lesson, we will recap our knowledge of the seven continents, and locate the UK on a world map. England Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Liverpool and Merseyside are areas of high population and important industry along this coast, with tourist resorts of Southport and Blackpool being further to the north. The English coastline re-emerges again in North West England. England does not have its own devolved parliament and so is entirely subject to the administration of the UK Government in Westminster. The youngest rocks are in the south east, progressing in age in a north-westerly direction. Generally the Northern and Western areas of England are the poorest, with the Southern and Eastern areas being the richest. It was then the independent Kingdom of England until 1707 when the Kingdom of Great Britain was founded. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Geography and Fun Facts About Great Britain, Difference Between the UK, Great Britain, and England, Key Events in the History of the English Language, Biography of Sarah Parker Remond, North American 19th-Century Black Activist, Geographic and Historical Facts About London, Administrative Divisions Within Nations Around the World, Women Rulers of England and Great Britain, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. [1] Crops and fallow land accounts for 30% of the land area, grasses and rough grazing 36%, other agricultural land 5%, forest and woodland 8%, and urban development 21%.[12]. Geography and Climate. England is also sunnier throughout the year, but unlike Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland, the sunniest month is July, totalling around 192.8 hours. It is driest in the east and warmest in the south, which is closest to the European mainland. The physical geography of the UK varies greatly. England boasts one of the largest economies in Europe and indeed the world, with an average GDP per capita of £22,907. Scotlandis the most mountainous cou… England mainly lies within hardiness zone 8, but the Pennines and Cumbrian Mountains lie in the colder zone 7 and south west England, the Irish sea coast, South coast and London lie in the warmer zone 9. England is not considered a separate nation, as it is governed by the United Kingdom. Political geography. Some regard it as the second largest harbour in the world, after Sydney, Australia, although this fact is disputed (see harbours for a list of other large natural harbours). Into Devon and Cornwall, the coastline becomes more rocky and steep, with numerous cliffs and tiny fishing villages along the coastline. GDP, and GDP per capita is highest in London. We will then zoom into England and look at the different human and physical geographical features. Created for teachers, by teachers! England, formerly a kingdom and independent country, united with Scotland to form what would eventually become the UK (Wales was treated as part of England at that time). To the west, the Irish Sea separates England from Ireland and the Isl… England has not had its own government since 1707 when it joined Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.2) Several different political subdivisions attend to local administration within England's borders. The program covers three main topics Cities, Water Bodies, and Features on the map of England, Scotland, Ireland & Wales. The average January low temperature is 34 F (1 C), and the average July high temperature is 70 F (21 C).9) England is separated from France and continental Europe by a 21-mile (34 km) gap. Snowfall can occur in winter and early spring, although it is not very common away from high ground. The Vale of York and The Fens host many of England's larger rivers. The South Coast continues to the Isle of Wight, but eventually gives way to the Jurassic Coast of Dorset, a coastline rich in beauty, history and fossils. The United Kingdom, consisting of Great Britain (England, Wales, and Scotland) and Northern Ireland, is twice the size of New York State.England, in the southeast part of the British Isles, is separated from Scotland on the north by the granite Cheviot Hills; from them the Pennine chain of uplands extends south through the center of England… England is in a unique and controversial position of being a political entity within the UK and as of 2015 having no self-governance. England's climate is moderated by its maritime location and the presence of the Gulf Stream. Description; Facts; Flag; Geography Statistics; Location; Maps; Symbols; England is divided central and north by the Pennines, a low mountain range that stretches for almost 250 miles (400 km), from Birmingham north into the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border. In 1800 the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was formed, and after some political and social instability in Ireland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland was formed in 1927. 10 Geographic Facts About … Inner London is number 1 with a €71 338 GDP per capita (303% above EU average);Berkshire, Buckinghamshire & Oxfordshire is number 7 with a €40 937 GDP per capita (174% above EU average). Geography of Moscow, Russia. England has coastlines along the Celtic, North, and Irish Seas and the English Channel, and its area includes more than 100 small islands.England has a long history with human settlement dating back to prehistoric times, and it became a unified region in 927. It is closer to continental Europe than any other part of mainland Britain, divided from France only by a 33 km (21 mi) sea gap, the English Channel. There are four different levels within these divisions, the highest level of which are the nine regions of England. and min. England has two land borders: a 96 km (60 mi) border with Scotland that follows the Cheviot Hills and a 257 km (160 mi) border with Wales that loosely follows the route of Offa's Dyke. The lowland areas are typically traversed by ranges of low hills, frequently composed of chalk, and flat plains. The English/French border is halfway along the tunnel.[4]. It includes the chalk cliffs of Kent [1] and Dorset [2], the rolling hills and fields of southeast England, the granite cliffs of Cornwall [3], the mountains of Wales [4], the uplands of the Peak District [5] and the Pennines [6], the lakes and mountains of Cumbria [7], the Scottish lowlands … Along the English Channel, the South Coast builds up into steep, white cliffs at Dover, which are often seen as an iconic symbol of England and Britain. England … ISBN 9780122192531, 9781483288413 The geography of the New England Colonies is diverse. Below the regions in the hierarchy are England's 48 ceremonial counties, followed by metropolitan counties and civil parishes.3) England has one of the largest economies in the world, and it is very mixed, with sectors in manufacturing and service. Much of it consists of rolling hillsides, with the highest elevations found in the north, northwest, and southwest. Further north into Cumbria the Sellafield Nuclear Power Station lies along this coast. Professional United Kingdom teaching resources. The economy of England is the largest part of the United Kingdom's economy. Two of the 10 economically strongest areas in the European Union are in England. 1. The approximate dividing line between terrain types is often indicated by the Tees-Exe line. This stretch of coastline stretches from Devon to Land's End in Cornwall, the westernmost part of mainland England. The geology of Northern England and Western England tends to be somewhat closer to that of its near neighbours, Wales and Scotland, with the geology of Southern England and Eastern England being more aligned with that found across the North Sea and English Channel in Northern France, Belgium, and the Netherlands. To give it its full title it’s ‘The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland’. East Anglia is the lowest area of England, having no high hills or mountains and hosting an area of the Fens, the lowest area of England. England was divided into a number of regions which also sent representatives to the European Parliament before Brexit. Northern Ireland (also known as Ulster) Crops, flowers and plants can be grown much earlier in the south-west than in the rest of England and the UK. The names are not interchangeable.The following is a list of 10 geographic facts to know about England:1) Today England is governed as a constitutional monarchy under a parliamentary democracy within the United Kingdom, and it is controlled directly by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Isle of Man England has a temperate climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round, it has a more mild climate than places at similar latitudes, for example Newfoundland in Canada, or Sakhalin in Russia. Geography of Dubai. London is, by far, the largest urban area in England and one of the largest and busiest cities in the world. The Geology of England is mainly sedimentary. Geography of the UK : The official title of the UK is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Geographic Facts About Oregon. England has 4,422 km (2,748 mi) of coastline,[11] much less than the deeply indented Scottish coastline. and min. England … England's economy is usually regarded as a mixed market economy, it has adopted many free market principles in contrast to the Rhine Capitalism of Europe, yet maintains an advanced social welfare infrastructure. The River Thames cuts London in half, creating northern and southern halves. Some New England states have rocky soil, hilly landscapes and thick forests, while others have flat land and rich soil. The first thing to remember about England is, of course, that it forms part of an island. It forms part of the South West (or Cornish) Peninsula of Great Britain and is bounded to the west by Cornwall and to the east by Dorset and Somerset. This landscape is based on complex underlying structures that form intricate patterns on England’s geologic map. The highest temperature recorded in England is 38.7 Â°C (101.7 Â°F) on 25 July 2019 at Cambridge University Botanic Garden. This river is also the longest river in England.8) The climate is considered temperate maritime, and it has mild summers and winters. England is a part of Europe's United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland), and it is located on the island of Great Britain. The Channel Tunnel is the longest undersea tunnel in the world.10) Many of the universities in England are some of the world's highest ranked. The currency in England is the pound sterling, also known as the GBP. To add, they have many mountains and have impoverished soil which makes it fairly difficult to farm on. The North Sea coast of England is mainly flat and sandy with many dunes and is similar to coastlines across the sea in the Netherlands. A very small area, the Isles of Scilly lie in the warmest zone in the British Isles, zone 10 which is close to Sub-Tropical. The Angles and Saxons, the Germanic settlers who would turn Britannia into England, came from the continent and penetrated the island from the east, crossing the North Sea and the Channel. 20 Quiz Questions on UK Geography Here are 20 UK Geography Questions that are provided for your Quiz or Trivia Night at no cost. England’s topography is low in elevation but, except in the east, rarely flat. [6] The lowest temperature recorded in England is −26.1 Â°C (−15.0 Â°F) on 10 January 1982 at Edgmond, near Shropshire. We look at images of the UK and there information and activities all designed to help you understand all about the Geography … It is closer to continental Europe than any other part of mainland Britain, divided from France only by a 33 km (21 mi) sea gap, the English Channel. In this, they duplicated the movement, centuries earlier, of the Romans. (Answers at bottom of page): English Places Quiz. There are also several large rivers in England, one of which is the famous Thames River, which runs through London. England is in a unique and controversial position of being a political entity within the UK and as of 2015 having no self-governance. Precipitation is also common throughout much of the year. Take our England Geography Quiz below to find out. Learn About Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Physical Geography Attractions Cost Not only is London the capital city of the U.K., it's also the most urbanized . You might hear it referred to as Britain, Great Britain or more often, simply as ‘The UK’. The English Irish Sea coast is an important area of estuaries and bird life, with Wirral being a peninsula bounded by two rivers, the River Dee and the River Mersey. The English coastline varies a great deal by the seas and regions it borders. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. A downloadable game. We will then combine our knowledge of all of the … The subdivisions of England are shown in the diagram above. The 50 km (31 mi) Channel Tunnel, … Geography. The strength of the English economy varies from region to region. br/>4) Its population of more than 55 million people (2016 estimate) makes England the largest … The longest river entirely within England is the River Thames which flows through the English and British capital, London. There are a total of 32 cities, 32 water bodies, and 32 geographical features covered. In the far northwest corner of the country - within the … Some hill and mountain chains in England are: The main English islands by area and population are: The longest river in England is the River Severn which has its source in Wales, enters England at its confluence with the River Vyrnwy and flows into the Bristol Channel. The Bristol Channel lies to the north, and the English Channel abuts it to the south. However, they are physically connected to each other by the Channel Tunnel near Folkestone. England teaching resources for Key Stage 2 - Year 3, 4, 5, 6. England's economy is the largest in the United Kingdom, and the main industries are finance and banking, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, aerospace, shipbuilding, tourism, and software/information technology. Accuracy: A team of editors takes feedback from our visitors to keep trivia as up to date and as accurate as possible.Complete quiz index can be found here: England … temperatures in °C, Average max. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Political geography. England is represented by MPs in the British Parliament and matters relating only to England are also dealt with by the UK parliament. Devon, administrative, geographic, and historic county of England. … Standing on the River Thames and located in South England, London covers 1,579 square km (610 sq. I am a small island off the South West coast of Cornwall, famous for its gulf stream heated water. England consists of mostly lowland terrain, with upland or mountainous terrain only found north-west of the Tees-Exe line. In trade, New England has mild and short summers, while having cold winters but less disease than the warmer colonies. England comprises most of the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, in addition to a number of small islands of which the largest is the Isle of Wight. The coastline of Devon and Cornwall has similarities to that of Brittany in France directly opposite. So, what is the United Kingdom? For each main topic there is a game screen … Settlers: Genetics, geography, and the peopling of Britain An exhibition at Oxford University Museum of Natural History, 9 February - 16 September 2018 Note however that the diagram shows the geographic structure rather than the administrative reporting structure. Patrick O'Leary, "Derby's long road to city status", Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10 economically strongest areas in the European Union, "Met Office confirms highest temperature ever recorded in the UK", "England Coast Path: Frequently Asked Questions (June 2012)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_England&oldid=993431614, Articles needing additional references from April 2011, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Average max. It is bordered by Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The highest area of England is the North West, which contains England's highest hills and mountains, including its highest – Scafell Pike. The weather in England is temperate with mild summers and winters, influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and the warm Gulf Stream. England is bordered to the north by Scotland and to the west by Wales. [8][9] For the official definition of a UK (and therefore English) city, see City status in the United Kingdom. The list of England's largest cities or urban areas is open to debate because, although the normal meaning of city is "a continuously built-up urban area", this can be hard to define, particularly because administrative areas in England often do not correspond with the limits of urban development, and many towns and cities have, over the centuries, grown to form complex urban agglomerations. This church also has a constitutional position within the United Kingdom. England comprises most of the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, in addition to a number of small islands of which the largest is the Isle of Wight. The largest natural harbour in England is at Poole, on the south-central coast. 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