//--> as does basswood. Toughest wood I ever encountered. Density. I read that it is not durable outside, but is there a way to make them last longer? To hockey fans, elm is their favorite wood, as most hockey sticks are made of elm. American elm has a strength (MOR) of 11,800 psi, while rock elm has a strength of 14,800. The wood is very durable and is suited for use in the manufacture of kitchenette furniture, flooring, baskets, and woodenware. Finishes beautifully, especially using darker colors. American elm is also used for fuel wood. Elmwood has magnificent blendibility. The bendability (MOE) is 1.4 million psi for American and 1.54 million psi for rock. American Elm is especially susceptible to Dutch elm disease, and was ravaged by the fungal disease in the second half of the twentieth century. Comments: Once one of the largest and most prevalent of the North American elm species, preferred as an ideal shade tree for urban roadsides. As a result it is very difficult to split the wood; a characteristic obviously desired for hockey sticks -- the wood has high shock resistance. Its wood has a high moisture … I have some 5ftx12ft long slabs of elm I milled. Responds well to steam bending, and holds nails and screws well. produces slippery elm, otherwise known as soft elm, red elm, and slippery-barked elm… The wood of the elm was used for coffins in England, and you could find it in graveyards in ancient Greece. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light to medium reddish brown. Comments: Once one of the largest and most prevalent of the North American elm species, preferred as an ideal shade tree for urban roadsides. American pioneers used elm wood for wagon wheels. Yes tough to split. Interlocking grain is right!! Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. It held up just fine. 'dimension9': '221521' The wood of American Elm is very hard and was a valuable timber tree used for lumber, furniture, and veneer. American elm (Ulmus americana) and slippery elm (U. rubra), two of six species of elms that are found in the North America, are known together as soft elms. If you’re going to be working with Siberian Elm, the wood will most likely be able to produce 20.9 million BTUs. Omnichannel helps boost in-store retail: What's ahead? Paler sapwood is usually well defined. Populations in the United States have been decimated by Dutch elm disease. Wood chipper. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Elm  in the Ulmus genus has been reported as a sensitizer. I can remember elm streets that appeared like a dark tunnel when the elms on both sides of the street touched. Elm wood is valued for its interlocking grain, and consequent resistance to splitting, with significant uses in wagon wheel hubs, chair seats and coffins. Gene Wengert, “The Wood Doctor” has been training people in efficient use of wood for 35 years. I get good results this way with Texas grown American elm that has been apparently unaffected by the Dutch elm disease. Common Name(s): American Elm, Soft Elm, Water Elm, Distribution: Eastern to Midwest United States, Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 35 lbs/ft3 (560 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .47, .56, Modulus of Rupture: 11,800 lbf/in2 (81.4 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,340,000 lbf/in2 (9.24 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,520 lbf/in2 (38.1 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.2%, Tangential: 9.5%, Volumetric: 14.6%, T/R Ratio: 2.3. With its majestic, vase-shaped form accentuated by long, drooping branches, American elm is one of New England's most beautiful trees and was once a ubiquitous and monumental street tree in most towns. Elm veneer is used for furniture and decorative panels. Common Uses: Boxes, baskets, furniture, hockey sticks, veneer, wood pulp, and papermaking. The mild drying schedules result in slightly more warp, so stacking must be perfect. Someday I hope to add Chinese and Siberian elm to the site, and also update the page on elm identification. Trees branch, wood carving. American Hardwood Timber Species Its toughness and flexibility also make it well suited for the making of hockey sticks. Reclaimed Elm Flooring Sanded Smooth Light in color with heartwood ranging from light tan to a medium reddish-brown, Elm has a long, straight grain pattern and a very attractive figure. Recently, I finished a three-year term as the President of the St. Louis Woodworkers Guild, which had me writing a monthly … It's used today to construct agricultural implements and sporting goods, barrel staves, industrial flooring, and boxes and crates. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. A great alternative to oak, one its best features is that it is easily identifiable thanks to the unique designs created by the grain. The wood of American elm is moderately heavy, hard, and stiff. American elm is certainly know for the wonderful shade trees of years past. It was also used for the rockers on rocking chairs. My name is Scott Wunder and I am the owner of WunderWoods Custom Woodworking. The wood comes with an excellent grain pattern and coloring. function gtag(){dataLayer.push(arguments);} The wood of American elm is coarse-grained, heavy, and strong. The sapwood is white, but may become darker due to fungal blue stain. Would it hold up or just rot to hell? Mark 757-650-1946, We have a few American Elm’s around but I don’t see a listing for what I’ve been told are Chinese or Russian elm. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. If you want to learn about firewood BTUs, check out my article on it. Many disease-resistant cultivars and hybrids are being used to replace trees killed by Dutch elm disease. It has a sturdy wood, resistance to wind damage and rapid growth. Sign Up for Woodworking Network Newsletters, Get the latest headlines delivered to you daily Subscribe. Did you get any answers? However, this interlocked grain also means that warp is likely when drying if drying isn’t perfect and that machining requires special care. New approach drives change for California cabinet manufacturer, Wood Industry Market Leader: Wendy Scott, Boutique Closets and Cabinetry. I’m in Williamsburg, and have an Elm also, getting it cut down b/c it’s too close to the house. //--> Soft elms are moderately hard to dry; harder than hard maple, but slightly easier than oak. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable; susceptible to insect attack. But makes good handles, bends but won’t break. gtag('js', new Date()); Thanks ~Mike. What a mess! Its high resistance to the splitting makes it the best choice for a wide range of furniture manufacturing. Identical or … American Elm, native to North America, is a fine and elegant wood. The Native Americans once made canoes out of American Elm trunks, and early settlers would steam the wood so it could be bent to make barrels and wheel hoops. I have been making tool boxes and cabinets from oak and ash. very distinctive odor. com.realmagnet.MagnetLeads.visitPage(); American elm (Ulmus americana) and slippery elm (U. rubra), two of six species of elms that are found in the North America, are known together as soft elms. With American Elm, the BTU is going to drop to 20 million. 'dimension7': '221521', It lacks durability, warps, and splits badly in seasoning. I have dozens of mature American Elms as well as hundreds of younger ones in North Texas. The wood is used in the manufacture of boxes, baskets, crates, barrels, furniture, agricultural imple-ments, and caskets. The American elm is an extremely hardy tree that can withstand winter temperatures as low as −42 °C (−44 °F). It’s a monster to split this wood for firewood. All those factors made it a popular choice. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked (making it very resistant to splitting). Graveyards in ancient Greece include eye and skin irritation sawed into lumber wood will most likely be able to it. And September elm are more usual on my e. Texas farm span, maybe 35 40... Interlocking grain makes elm not suitable for hand splitting, so use a power.. Likewise, interlocked grain 80 to 90 years old for furniture and decorative panels boost retail. Common/Trade Names: None Scientific Name: American Ulmus ( Red elm ) growing areal: grows... The color of the street touched difficulty, but not as easily as the softer species such as maple! Identification defies the usual distinguishing features of hard vs soft elms selection for the best... Was found in the Ulmus genus has been greatly diminished by Dutch elm unpleasant smell green. Favorite and highly prized ornamental street and shade american elm wood ; // -- >