The 2017 Atlantic hurricane season is now among the top 10 all-time most active seasons on record, thanks to a frenetic stretch of long-lived, destructive hurricanes from mid-August through September. After the low acquired additional convection and the circulation became more well-defined, a tropical depression developed at 12:00 UTC on October 28, about 100 mi (160 km) south-southwest of Isla de la Juventud in Cuba. [72] The cyclone weakened considerably while over the Yucatán Peninsula, however its satellite presentation remained well-defined, with the inner core tightening up considerably. [40][41] October featured hurricanes Nate and Ophelia, as well as Tropical Storm Philippe;[42] Nate was the worst natural disaster in Costa Rican history, as well as the fastest-moving cyclone in the Gulf of Mexico. [126] By 06:00 UTC the following day, Lee intensified into a hurricane, based on the presence of an eye on satellite imagery. 2525 Correa Rd Early on October 16, Ophelia ceased to be a tropical cyclone after merging with a strong cold front about 310 mi (500 km) southwest of Mizen Head, Ireland. Collectively, the tropical cyclones were responsible for at least 3,364 deaths—the most fatalities in a single season since 2005. [142] Five deaths occurred, two from trees falling onto cars and three related to cleanup and repair work in the storm's aftermath. Miami, FL, 33165 By September 16, the system curved northward along the western periphery of a central Atlantic ridge. Because the cyclone had an asymmetrical structure, heavy rainfall was observed over southeastern Mississippi, southwestern Alabama, and the far western Florida Panhandle, while lesser precipitation amounts fell over Louisiana and Texas. Pre-season projections noted the potential for a weak to moderate El Niño event to evolve through the summer and fall on the basis of statistical model guidance. Moving northeastward due to a large mid-latitude trough over the southeastern United States and western Gulf of Mexico, the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Philippe about six hours later. Although initially non-tropical in appearance, the low gradually shed its extratropical characteristics while tracking over sea surface temperatures of 81 °F (27 °C), anomalously warm for the region. [111] When Jose reached peak intensity, it marked the first time on record in the Atlantic basin that two hurricanes, the other being Irma, occurring simultaneously had maximum sustained winds of 150 mph (240 km/h). [34] Harvey killed 108 people, including 107 in the United States[34][90] and one woman in Guyana who died after her house collapsed on her. On Sint Maarten, the Dutch portion of Saint Martin, Irma severely damaged the airport and approximately 70% of structures were damaged or destroyed. [122] The NHC monitored the remnants of Lee intermittently for several days, but regeneration was not considered likely. Is your name on the list? Information Quality [19], The Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 2017. After striking Barbados and Saint Vincent, Harvey entered the Caribbean Sea, where it encountered hostile wind shear. While slowly moving to the northwest, Cindy's intensification was slow due to the effects of dry air and moderate to strong wind shear. [36] Harvey and Irma struck the continental United States as Category 4 hurricanes in the span of two weeks; this marks the first time the country has suffered two landfalls of such intensity during the same hurricane season. Heavy rains flooded some rivers and caused a few landslides. A total of 146 people were confirmed to have been directly killed by the hurricane: 64 in Puerto Rico,[40] 65 in Dominica,[133] 5 in the Dominican Republic, 4 in the contiguous United States, 3 in Haiti, 2 in Guadeloupe, and 3 in the USVI. become a tropical cyclone before reaching a less favorable environment. The cyclone moved southeast, becoming disconnected from the surrounding environment and gradually losing its frontal characteristics. After reaching the eastern Caribbean on August 3, convection began increasing. [40] Many structures were leveled, while floodwaters trapped thousands of citizens. Remaining well offshore the East Coast of the United States, Jose re-intensified slightly further, attaining a secondary peak intensity as a high-end Category 1 hurricane with winds of 90 mph (140 km/h) around 12:00 UTC on September 17. After a steady increase in convection beginning on October 8, the low transitioned into Tropical Storm Ophelia about 875 mi (1,410 km) west-southwest of the Azores. Here's the reasoning behind the decision and what the new names will be. [79], Two people drowned due to strong rip currents produced by the hurricane: one in the Outer Banks of North Carolina and the other in Nantucket, Massachusetts. A reconnaissance flight indicated that the system had tropical storm-force winds, though it lacked a well-defined circulation. [5] On December 14, CSU released a qualitative discussion detailing five possible scenarios for the 2017 season, taking into account the state of the Atlantic multidecadal oscillation and the possibility of El Niño developing during the season. The first hurricane name retired was Carol, a category 3 hurricane (up to 129 mph winds) at its worst when it hit landfall Aug. 31, 1954, in the Northeast. The system weakened to a tropical depression over central Louisiana later that day, before losing tropical characteristics over central Tennessee early on September 1. [54], In mid-June, two tropical waves and an area of disturbed weather began merging over the western Caribbean Sea. The extratropical cyclone dissipated southwest of Ireland on September 30. The system continued to intensify, and developed into Tropical Storm Don just six hours later. [104] In the USVI, heavy rainfall left minor flooding, with damage totaling about $500,000. Irma was previously used in 1978, and was used for the first and only time on the modern naming lists in 2017. Coastal flooding was reported in Hillsborough, Manatee, Sarasota, Lee, and Collier counties, causing additional road closures. [108] A woman died after being caught in a rip current offshore Asbury Park. Not all tropical storms become hurricanes. The season concluded with Tropical Storm Rina, which became extratropical on November 9. Atlantic tropical cyclone name lists repeat every six years unless a storm is so severe that the Hurricane Committee votes to retire that name from future lists. Ophelia became the easternmost major hurricane on record in the Atlantic. However, if you compare the names in the lists, you will see that Matthew and Otto will not be reused in 2022. The storm rapidly weakened thereafter, and by 18:00 UTC on August 10, it dissipated as a tropical cyclone. The storm almost entirely destroyed the island's banana crop. Despite this, the system continued to strengthen, and at 00:00 UTC on November 7, the tropical depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Rina. With precipitation peaking at 4.76 in (121 mm) in Penal, several towns in southern and central Trinidad were flooded. Note: There is an undercount bias of zero to six tropical cyclones per year between 1851 and 1885 and zero to four per year between 1886 and 1910, due to the lack of modern observation techniques, see, The "strength" of a tropical cyclone is measured by the minimum barometric pressure, not wind speed. NWS [120] Coincidentally, the storm struck Mexico just days after a major earthquake struck the country, worsening the aftermath and recovery. The only time that there is a change in the list is if a storm is so deadlyor costly that the future use of its name o… The disturbance became Tropical Storm Franklin at 00:00 UTC on August 7, about 85 mi (137 km) north-northeast of Cabo Gracias a Dios. [146], The storm produced heavy rainfall in the Cayman Islands, Cuba, Florida, and the Bahamas. Most meteorological organizations rate the intensity of a storm by this figure, so the lower the minimum pressure of the storm, the more intense or "stronger" it is considered to be. Around 22:00 UTC on October 28, the storm made landfall on the Zapata Peninsula with winds of 40 mph. (When a name is retired, it’s replaced by a new name.) Late on September 8, the nascent storm peaked as a 105 mph (169 km/h) Category 2 hurricane while it began to move southwestward. The storm quickly weakened after moving inland and degenerated into a remnant low on June 23, dissipating over the Mid-Atlantic on the following day. [34] Harvey was the first major hurricane to strike the United States since Hurricane Wilma on October 24, 2005—a record 4,323-day span[85]—and the first Category 4 hurricane to strike the United States since Charley in 2004, as well as the first Category 4 to make landfall in Texas since Carla in 1961. This document provides a summary of warnings issued for a Potential Tropical Cyclone. 5) August 30 th –September 12 th: 185 mph: 914 mb: Multiple llandfalls in the Caribbean; Cudjoe Key, FL; Marco Island, FL: Hurricane Jose (Cat. The system weakened to a tropical depression early on August 19 and then degenerated into a tropical wave several hours later. Hurricane Katrina, near full-strength, as it barreled down on Louisiana, Aug. 28, 2005.. Katrina was later removed from the rotating list of hurricane names. List I is a list that usually supplies the names for a below average to normal season, due to being in line during El Niño.List I is made it as far down as the P named storm, which occurred in 2003, with the naming of Peter during that season. [39] Maria caused a major humanitarian crisis in Puerto Rico, resulting in nearly $91 billion in damage and a death toll that exceeded 3,000. Contrary to predictions of only gradual organization over the following days, the system rapidly organized, becoming a tropical depression at 18:00 UTC on September 14. You gotta call them something, so here are the 2017 hurricane names. Around 14:45 UTC, Emily made landfall on Longboat Key. The storm would maintain Category 5 intensity for the next 60 hours as it moved through the northern Leeward Islands. About Us In late August, Hurricane Harvey struck Texas and became the first major hurricane to make landfall in the United States since Wilma in 2005 and the strongest since Charley in 2004. They also stated that the season had the potential to be extremely active, possibly the most active since 2010. In Florida, rainfall generally ranged from 2 to 4 in (50.8 to 102 mm), though isolated precipitation totals of 10 to 11 in (250 to 280 mm) were reported in eastern Broward and Palm Beach counties. After an increase in shower and thunderstorm activity later on, as well as the development of a well-defined circulation, the system was classified as Tropical Storm Bret while located about 185 mi (298 km) east-southeast of Trinidad at 18:00 UTC on June 19. [93] In the former, about 90% of homes were damaged, with 60% of those being considered uninhabitable. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but were still related to that storm. Instead the two systems remained separate, with the first eventually coalescing into Potential Tropical Cyclone Ten on August 27, to the northeast of Florida, and the other low-pressure eventually becoming Hurricane Harvey. [138] The storm cut off drinking water to nearly 500,000 people, and left 18,500 without power. At 06:00 UTC on August 15, Gert intensified into a Category 1 hurricane. [86] The storm gradually weakened, falling to tropical storm intensity around 18:00 UTC on August 26 as it drifted across southeastern Texas. [117] Approximately 77,000 people were left without power at the height of the storm. Damage totaled about $500 million. [65], In late July, a dissipating cold front extended into the northeastern Gulf of Mexico, where the NHC began forecasting the development of an area of low pressure over the next day on July 30. In the Greater Houston area, flooding damaged or destroyed more than 300,000 buildings and homes and about 500,000 cars. Tropical storms have been named for 2017, so here is the list of hurricane names for the Atlantic Basin (Miami hurricanes) and Eastern North-Pacific (California hurricanes). Low wind shear and warm sea-surface temperatures allowing Jose to quickly strengthen, attaining hurricane intensity late on September 6 and reaching major hurricane status late on September 7. The cyclone then intensified into a tropical storm 12 hours later. Operationally, Philippe was assessed as crossing the Florida Keys and exiting into the western Atlantic, but post-analysis showed that it was a non-tropical area of low pressure that was interacting with Philippe. About 12 hours later, the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Harvey. However, coastal flooding mainly consisted of roads being inundated, while some beach erosion occurred. This is a cumulative list of previously used tropical cyclone (tropical storm and hurricane) names which have been permanently removed from reuse in the North Atlantic region.. [122], A compact tropical cyclone, Lee organized, as small curved bands wrapped into a small cluster of central convection. * June–November only, Longest: January–November. Early the next day, the system degenerated into a remnant low, which soon became extratropical. An additional 110,000 structures were damaged in the counties east of the Houston area. The list of tropical storm and hurricane names for 2017 features some familiar names. Most of the season's damage was due to hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria. [92] The storm devastated several Leeward Islands. [103] At least 84 deaths occurred in the state and damage was estimated at $50 billion. As Lee moved northwest in tandem with an upper-level trough with periodic bursts of convection, wind shear decreased slightly, allowing Lee to reintensify to a tropical storm again early on September 19 and attaining an initial peak intensity with winds of 45 mph (72 km/h) that day. Career Opportunities, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Supplemental rainfall observations from Harvey are available. ", "HURDAT Re-analysis Original vs. Revised HURDAT", Summary of 2017 Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity and Verification of Authors' Seasonal and Two-Week Forecasts, "Good Riddance to the Brutal Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2017", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Bret, "Man injured when Bret destroyed home has died", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Cindy, "Death of man on Texas beach attributed to Tropical Storm Cindy: report", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Emily, Companion Volume to Weather, Climate & Catastrophe Insight, "Man drowns trying to save other swimmer at Outer Banks beach", "Police: Man drowns amid dangerous rip currents at Nantucket beach", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Harvey, "Police: Boy killed after vehicle leaves rain-soaked Arkansas road, strikes tree", "Pickup driver, 21, killed in head-on collision on wet highway in Arkansas", "Harvey brings destruction through Alabama to Tennessee", "1 person killed in crash on I-40 in Shelby County", CDEMA Situation Report #2 - Tropical Storm Harvey - as of 11:00am on August 22nd, 2017, "Irma: des dégâts évalués à 3,5 milliards d'euros à Saint-Martin", "Recovery pledges for hurricane-ravaged Caribbean are a drop in the ocean", "Hurricane Irma: 10 dead in Cuba as record flooding hits northern Florida – latest updates", Cuba: Hurricane Irma - Revised Emergency appeal (MDRCU004), "Works begins to repair beach erosion at New Jersey shore", Hurricane Jose 2017 Massachusetts Event Reports, "Huracán Katia impacta en 200,000 hectáreas de siembras de maíz plátano", Ascertainment of the estimated excess mortality from Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico, "309 mil millones de colones para la reconstrucción convierten a Nate en el mayor desastre de origen natural de la historia en Costa Rica", La Unión Europea destina 68 millones de colones en ayuda humanitaria para los afectados por la tormenta Nate en Costa Rica, Post Tropical Cyclone Report...Hurricane Nate...Updated, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Ophelia, "Storm Ophelia caused almost €70m worth of damage", "Storm Ophelia aftermath: Two men killed while repairing damage at home named locally", "2017 Hurricane Season Was the Most Expensive in U.S. History", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Arlene, Hurricane Harvey Meteorological Records/Notable Facts Recap (through August 30), Costliest U.S. tropical cyclones tables update, "Irma now strongest on record outside Gulf of Mexico or Caribbean", Monthly Tropical Weather Summary: September, "September Is the Strongest Hurricane Month Ever Recorded—Probably", Monthly Tropical Weather Summary: October, Monthly Tropical Weather Summary: November, "#Emily is post-tropical. [142], Around 12:00 UTC on October 14, Ophelia strengthened into a Category 3 hurricane and peaked with maximum sustained winds of 115 mph (185 km/h) and a minimum barometric pressure of 959 mbar (28.3 inHg), becoming the easternmost major hurricane in the Atlantic basin on record. In the spring of 2012, The WMO retired the names Irene and Philippe were retired due to extensive damage and high death tolls and were replaced with Irma and Porter for the 2017 season. The 2017 list of names for Atlantic storms is the same that was used in 2005, with Katia substituted for Katrina and Whitney instead of Wilma. Ahead of and during the season, several national meteorological services and scientific agencies forecast how many named storms, hurricanes, and major hurricanes will form during a season, and/or how many tropical cyclones will affect a particular country. Shortly thereafter, the storm intensified into a hurricane. [37], A potent extratropical cyclone formed well east of Bermuda on April 16. [40] The indirect death toll is much higher; an estimated 2,975 people in total died in Puerto Rico as a result of Hurricane Maria, in the six months after the hurricane, due to the effects of catastrophic damage to the island's infrastructure. In the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), widespread destruction was reported on Saint Thomas, Saint John, and Saint Croix. Around 10:15 UTC on September 20, the hurricane made landfall near Yabucoa, Puerto Rico, as a Category 4 hurricane with winds of 155 mph (249 km/h). These 2017 Hurricane Names Will Be Retired. [84], Harvey originated from a tropical wave that emerged into the Atlantic from the west coast of Africa on August 12. After strengthening steadily, Franklin made its first landfall near Pulticub, Quintana Roo, with winds of 60 mph (97 km/h) at 03:45 UTC on August 8. The names Harvey, Irma, Maria, and Nate were retired following the season due to the number of deaths and amount of damage they caused. Nate caused at least 50 deaths, including 16 in Nicaragua,[136] 14 in Costa Rica,[141] 7 in Panama, 5 in Guatemala, 3 in Honduras,[136] 4 in the United States,[136][140] and 1 in El Salvador, with a further 9 missing accumulative of all affected areas. [41] Maria was the deadliest hurricane in Dominica since the 1834 Padre Ruíz hurricane,[134] and the deadliest in Puerto Rico since the 1899 San Ciriaco hurricane. [45] The season ultimately featured three storms that produced an ACE value above 40 units, the first occurrence on record. This led forecasters to raise their predicted totals, with some later anticipating that the season could be the most active since 2010. [114], In preparation for Katia, over 4,000 residents were evacuated from the states of Veracruz and Puebla. Several other communities observed rainfall in excess of 10 in (250 mm). Harvey's remnants continued into the Bay of Campeche, where more conducive environmental conditions led to the re-designation of a tropical depression around 12:00 UTC on August 23, and subsequent intensification into a tropical storm six hours later. [70] The storm indirectly led to flooding in Miami and Miami Beach, where 6.97 in (177 mm) of rain fell in 3.5 hours, of which 2.17 in (55 mm) fell in just 30 minutes. These dates historically describe the period of year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin and are adopted by convention. They are now maintained and updated througha strict procedure by an international committee of the World Meteorological Organization. Philippe rapidly weakened and dissipated by 06:00 UTC the next day. Glossary, Privacy Policy [110] Damage in the state reached approximately $337,000. Although environmental conditions were favorable, the wave failed to Tropical cyclones include depressions, storms and hurricanes. Four names on the 2017 hurricane name list will be retired: Harvey, Irma, Maria, and Nate. The resultant floods were particularly devastating in Costa Rica and Nicaragua, where thousands of homes were damaged or destroyed,[136] with 5,953 homes impacted to some degree in the latter. The system recurved northeast after peak intensity and quickly succumbed to strong northerly wind shear and progressively cooler ocean waters; it weakened below major hurricane strength early on September 28, fell below hurricane strength by 18:00 UTC on September 29, and degenerated to a post-tropical cyclone by 06:00 UTC on September 30, after lacking deep convection for over 12 hours. With a clear eye surrounded by a ring of extremely deep convection, Irma peaked with maximum sustained winds of 180 mph (290 km/h). However, as shown by Tropical Storm Arlene in April, the formation of tropical cyclones was possible at other times of the year. casualties and damages, and the post-analysis best track (six-hourly Ophelia meandered northward, northeastward, and then southeastward over the next few days due to a subtropical ridge to its south and a mid-latitude ridge north of the storm. [88] In addition to the flooding, Harvey spawned several tornadoes around Houston. [142], On October 16, a tropical wave exited the west coast of Africa and entered the Atlantic. List I. April 13, 2018 April 13, 2018 | by The Weather Channel Staff. By early on November 6, convection associated with the low had become sufficiently organized and the system was classified as a tropical depression. Louisiana also experienced flooding, with water entering about 2,000 homes in Beauregard, Calcasieu, and Cameron parishes. After passing north of the Gulf Stream, the cyclone encountered colder ocean temperatures and increasing wind shear, causing it to weaken to a tropical storm by 12:00 UTC on September 19. After reaching Category 2 intensity late on October 12, the storm briefly weakened to a Category 1 on the following day, before re-intensifying into a Category 2 hurricane on October 14. 1st 5 Atlantic TCs of 2017 combined for least ACE of 1st 5 TCs for any Atlantic season on record. Simultaneously, the storm made landfall in southwestern Trinidad. It intensified into Tropical Storm Arlene six hours later. Consequently, wind damage was generally minor. Potential tropical cyclones are not included in this table. After briefly emerging in the Caribbean Sea, Bret made another landfall on the Paria Peninsula of Venezuela around 09:00 UTC on June 20. [68] An EF0 tornado touched down Bradenton, destroying two barns and multiple greenhouses as well as collapsing an engineered wall. [48][nb 5] Furthermore, it had the lowest central pressure of any Atlantic storm recorded in the month of April, with a central pressure of 990 mbar (29 inHg), again surpassing Ana. In early September, Hurricane Irma became the first Category 5 hurricane to impact the northern Leeward Islands on record, later making landfall in the Florida Keys as a Category 4 hurricane. Additionally, they predicted a revised ACE index of 116 units. Gradually, the system became better organized and was able to maintain an area of deep convection to the east of the center. The names of four deadly hurricanes that slammed parts of the United States, Central America and the Caribbean last year are being retired. [60], Late on July 15, the NHC highlighted a low-pressure trough over the central Atlantic as having the potential to develop into a tropical cyclone in the coming days. A light steering pattern caused the storm to emerge into the Gulf of Mexico on August 28, but wind shear only allowed for slight re-intensification. [13] [100] Approximately 50,000 boats were damaged or destroyed. In Aransas, Nueces, Refugio, and San Patricio counties, the storm destroyed approximately 15,000 homes and damaged another 25,000. [151] However, after the storm became extratropical, it strengthened, peaking with maximum sustained winds of 80 mph (130 km/h),[152] before being absorbed by a larger extratropical system, Windstorm Perryman, on September 4.[153][154]. Accelerating east-northeastwards, Gert peaked as a high-end Category 2 system early on August 17 at an unusually high latitude of 40°N. Most of the deaths from this season occurred from Maria. [13] It was based on the current status of the North Atlantic oscillation, which was showing signs of leaning towards a negative phase, favoring a warmer tropical Atlantic; and the chances of El Niño forming were significantly lower. [7] On April 17, The Weather Channel (TWC) released their forecasts, calling for 2017 to be a near-average season, with a total of 12 named storms, 6 hurricanes, and 2 major hurricanes. Throughout the island, Maria moderately damaged 294,286 homes, extensively damaged 8,688 homes, and completely destroyed 4,612 homes. [105] Jose likely produced sustained tropical storm force winds in the northern Leeward Islands, though no observations were available because Irma destroyed or damaged wind instruments. Six hours later, the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Maria. 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